Updated: September 11, 2018
September 11, 2018: A pause in the service
Your correspondent is travelling. Please check in next week for the latest news in the ever-changing world of US immigration.
September 4, 2018: One sentence; PPS fee going up
A story in yesterday’s New York Times did the best job yet of encapsulating the dire state of US business-related immigration in a single sentence: ‘The Trump administration is using the country’s vast and nearly opaque immigration bureaucracy to constrict the flow of foreign workers into the United States by throwing up new roadblocks to limit legal arrivals.’ See ‘Companies Say Trump is Hurting Business by Limiting Legal Immigration.’
As of 1 October the US Citizenship and Immigration Services is raising the fee for Premium Processing Service to US $1410. In the agency’s news release the Chief Financial Officer stated that the increase ‘will allow us to continue making necessary investments in staff and technology to administer various immigration benefit requests more effectively and efficiently.’ In America, anything is possible.
August 28, 2018: Expansion of the ‘I’ visa
In a welcome development the Department of State last week clarified and expanded through extensive amendments to its Foreign Affairs Manual the reach of the ‘I’ visa, making it for the first time explicitly available to bloggers. In addition, ‘foreign media’ is now defined, with the addition of a requirement that the organization have ‘a home office in a foreign country.’
August 21, 2018: A pause in the service
Your correspondent is travelling. She wishes you a very happy Bank Holiday weekend and hopes that you will check back next Tuesday for your Weekly Update.
August 14, 2018: Do as I say, not as my wife does
As was widely reported, last week Melania Trump’s parents naturalised as US citizens. They had been sponsored for permanent residence (‘green card’ status), a prerequisite for naturalisation, by their daughter. The current president has derided family sponsorship as ‘chain migration’ and wants to see it eliminated.
August 7, 2018: More expatriates
On August 1 the Department of the Treasury published its list of those persons who gave up either US citizenship or long-term permanent residence in the calendar quarter that ended on June 30. The number this quarter was 1086. This is very much in line with other recent quarterly lists, such as the one from May (1012).
July 31, 2018: Website down; no NTAs for the moment
For nearly two weeks it has been impossible to file a US immigrant visa application on the dedicated website (https://ceac.state.gov/iv). This is a worldwide problem, not restricted to visa applications through any particular area of the world. The State Department claims that the outage is caused by maintenance and that they are ‘working to restore access as soon as possible.’
In a rare bit of good news for foreigners in the United States the US Citizenship and Immigration Services announced yesterday that it would be delaying implementation of a new policy that would have seen the USCIS issuing Notices to Appear on many people to whom it had just denied immigration benefits. The new policy, announced on July 5, would have immediately put into immigration proceedings, through issuance of the Notice to Appear, any person who was through the denial of a petition or application rendered ‘unlawfully present’ in the US. Fortunately the various subparts of USCIS were not able to produce the needed operational guidance within the 30 days given by the announcement of the new policy, thereby making delay necessary.
July 24, 2018: Naturalised citizens at risk; passports and taxes
The US Government has recently begun to pursue more vigorously those persons it believes have obtained US citizenship by fraudulent or otherwise wrongful means. One of the primary grounds for revocation of citizenship (‘denaturalization’) is the concealment of evidence or the misrepresentation of a fact that is material to the decision to grant citizenship. This does not sound particularly threatening until one looks at the naturalization application and sees such questions as ‘Have you EVER committed, assisted in committing, or attempted to commit, a crime or offense for which you were NOT arrested?’
According to the Wall Street Journal there are 362,000 Americans who have overdue tax debts who will soon be denied new or renewed passports on that basis. Enforcement, which requires cooperation between the Internal Revenue Service and the Department of State, started in January 2018 and by the end of June more than 220 people had paid tax debts of $11.5 million to hold on to their passports. A further 1,400 have signed instalment plans. Persons at risk of having their passport applications denied are those who owe a tax debt of over $51,000, adjusted for inflation.
July 17, 2018: Small mistakes, big penalties
The USCIS gave us all a nasty Friday the 13th surprise in the form of a new policy memorandum. Policy memos are administrative materials issued to guide USCIS adjudicators in their duties and do not adhere to the public consultation requirements demanded for a formal regulation. Effective September 11, 2018 the range of cases which USCIS adjudicators may deny out of hand, without issuing a Request for Evidence (RFE) or a Notice of Intent to Deny (NOID), will be greatly extended. In fact, the USCIS adjudicator may deny a case solely because a required document was not included. Take for example an I-130 petition filed by a US citizen to sponsor a foreign spouse. Currently the USCIS is taking over six months to adjudicate these cases. Under current procedures if the petitioner forgot to include a copy of the couple’s marriage certificate—whether through ignorance, or carelessness or inadequate English skills—the USCIS would send an RFE asking for the certificate. Under the new rule the USCIS could take six months before looking at the case and then deny it outright because a needed document was not included. At that point the couple have likely spent six months apart and spent US$535 for a filing fee, and gotten nothing but a denial for their troubles. The imposition of harsh penalties upon such small errors in a minefield of complex immigration procedures is just the most recent of many anti-immigrant, anti-foreigner actions taken by the Trump Administration’s Department of Homeland Security.
July 10, 2018: Little VOICE
The current president of the United States has repeatedly claimed that unauthorised aliens in the US are a source of high levels of crime, especially violent crime. As a result of one of his first Executive Orders US Immigration and Customs Enforcement, an agency of the Department of Homeland Security, established the Victims Of Immigration Crime Engagement (VOICE) Office to deal with persons affected by crimes ‘committed by individuals with a nexus to immigration. VOICE’s first report has now been issued, showing that during its first not-quite six months of operation it received a total of 4,602 telephone calls. Of that number 127 were from self-identified victims of crime.
July 3, 2018: Muslim travel ban upheld
The Supreme Court’s decision on June 26 in Trump v. Hawaii held that the Constitution as well as a number of federal statutes prohibiting national origin discrimination in visa issuance do not block the President from barring the entry to the US of aliens if that entry ‘would be detrimental to the interests of the United States.’ The Court held that numerous statements by the President and his advisers denouncing Muslims were not relevant to determining the legality of the ban on entries by citizens of predominantly Muslim countries. The decision in this case provides what one legal scholar calls ‘a detailed roadmap for the return of racial origin quotas’ in immigration to the United States.
June 26, 2018: A pause in the service
Your correspondent is travelling. Please check in next week for the latest news in the ever-changing world of US immigration.
June 19, 2018: How low can they go?
Just when you think it might be safe to read the newspapers again….Last Thursday the US Attorney General, Jefferson Beauregard Sessions III, stated that the current policy of separating families that attempt to enter the US unlawfully—the parents go to jail and the children into care—has been undertaken deliberately to discourage such entry. In the last six weeks nearly 2,000 children have been taken from their parents, with hundreds of children held in warehouses and abandoned buildings. Significant outcry has erupted across the political spectrum, with that well- known rabble-rouser Laura Bush saying that the policy ‘is cruel. It is immoral. And it breaks my heart.’
Doctors warn of the long-term and perhaps irreversible damage caused to children who are traumatically separated from their parents. Three medical organizations in the United States—the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American College of Physicians, and the American Psychiatric Association—that represent over 250,000 doctors, have urged the Government to cease its practice of criminally charging all adults who enter without inspection. Homeland Security has countered in Orwellian fashion with what they call a ‘Fact Sheet’ on the issue.
June 12, 2018: Asylum rules tightened
Yesterday Attorney General Sessions overruled the Board of Immigration Appeals and in the case of Matter of A—B-- has made it clear that only in ‘exceptional circumstances’ will victims of private criminal violence qualify for asylum. Asylum applicants must show that ‘the government protection from such harm in their home country is so lacking that their persecutors’ actions can be attributed to the government.’
June 5, 2018: Immigrant visa medicals; important month
The cost in London for the medical examination required as part of the immigrant visa application process was increased on June 1 to £330 for adults and £140 for children.
CNN has declared that May 2018 was the month that ‘reshaped the US immigration landscape.’ One of the events that CNN cites is the termination of Temporary Protected Status for Hondurans; in today’s Federal Register the Department of Homeland Security has published the formal notice of that termination.
May 29, 2018: International entrepreneur parole program to be scrapped
The Department of Homeland Security has followed through on its earlier pledge (see our Weekly Update from December 19, 2017) to do away with the international entrepreneur parole program. In today’s Federal Register DHS published a notice of its intention to remove the establishing regulations. According to DHS ‘this program is not the appropriate vehicle for attracting and retaining international entrepreneurs and does not adequately protect US investors and US workers employed by or seeking employment with the start-up.’
May 22, 2018: Will Prince Harry’s children be Americans?
As many British citizens know to their cost, American citizenship is conferred by operation of law regardless of the wishes of the parents. A child who is born in the United States while her parents are students at a US university or working in the country temporarily will, with very few exceptions, be an American citizen. Similarly, if a child is born outside the US to an American citizen parent the child will be a US citizen if the statutory requirements are met, even if neither parent wants this to happen. Under current law a child born outside the US into a marriage between a US citizen and a non-citizen will be a US citizen if before the child’s birth the US citizen parent (either mother or father) was physically present in the United States for at least five years, two of them after the US citizen parent’s 14th birthday. (For more on the intricacies of US citizenship transmission see our website article US Citizenship—Having It, Getting It, Giving it Up.) The new Duchess of Sussex fulfils the physical presence requirements so in the normal course of things, unless she renounces her US citizenship before the birth of a child, the royal child will be a US citizen at least until the child is old enough to effectively renounce his or her own citizenship. Or will there be a special deal for royalty? Stay tuned.
May 15, 2018: News for F, J and M visa holders; incorrect green cards
Starting August 9, 2018 the rules for accruing unlawful physical presence will change for F, J and M visa holders. Among other changes persons on these visas will no longer be protected by their admission ‘for duration of status’ (D/S) and will start accruing unlawful presence when, for example, they stop attending their course or training programme.
Approximately 8500 former conditional permanent residents, who received permanent residence due to marriage to a US citizen, were issued between February and April 2018 with incorrect permanent resident cards (‘green cards’). The error is apparently in the notation on the card as to when the person became a permanent resident. USCIS is contacting the people concerned and will reissue corrected cards.
May 8, 2018: Expatriates; Central Americans
Today’s Federal Register includes the latest quarterly list from the IRS of people who have chosen to give up either US citizenship or long-term lawful permanent resident status. This list, covering the first quarter of 2018, contains the names of 1012 people.
The Secretary of Homeland Security has announced that the 20 years of Temporary Protected Status for Honduran citizens will end on January 5, 2020. For more about how Central American immigrants are back in the US news see our latest blog post, ‘The Caravan.’
May 1, 2018: Secure deliveries; international students
The USCIS is now beginning a new more secure method for delivering to applicants sensitive documents such as green cards, employment authorisation documents (EADs, or ‘work permits’) and ‘Travel Booklets.’ We assume that ‘Travel Booklets’ includes re-entry permits, which are issued in little books that resemble a passport. This method will also allow applicants to track their packages and to arrange a time to collect the package from the post office or USCIS if delivery is difficult or inconvenient.
The Student and Exchange Visitor Program of Immigration and Customs Enforcement has just released its biannual report on international students in the United States. From 2017 to 2018 there was a slight decrease (0.5%) in the number of foreign students enrolling in US educational institutions, but an increase of 4.0% in the number of such students pursuing doctoral degrees. Enrolments from Saudi and South Korean students are down, with the biggest increases being from South America, particularly Brazil.
April 24, 2018: Indian citizens and the H-1B
Over the last few years Indian citizens (largely in the IT industries) have received a particularly large percentage of the available H-1B visas for professionals. Although the spousal visa (H-4) does not permit employment there are work permits available for H-4 spouses when the H-1B and family have been approved for immigrant status and are simply awaiting their priority date. (This can take over 10 years.) Unfortunately that Obama Administration regulation approving work permits in these circumstances will likely be rescinded, after a chance for public comment, by a rule change scheduled to be proposed and published in the Federal Register by the end of June. The New York Times has reported on some of the Indian H-4 wives campaigning to retain their work permits in ‘Thousands of Indian Women Find their American Dream in Jeopardy.’
April 17, 2018: H-1B lottery finished
The annual lottery that determines which H-1B petitions will be adjudicated this year was conducted last Wednesday, April 11. From the 190,098 petitions that arrived at the USCIS during the first five working days of April the agency has chosen enough, by their calculations, to result in the maximum number of new H-1Bs the law makes available. What a crazy way to run the world’s largest economy.
April 10, 2018: Another H-1B filing period starts and ends
On Friday April 6 the USCIS announced that it had received more than enough petitions for H-1B classification during the first five working days of April to meet both the standard 65,000 and the 20,000 advanced degree annual quotas, or ‘caps.’ This was the sixth consecutive year that the caps were more than met during the initial filing period. A computerized lottery will be held by the USCIS in the coming days to select those petitions that will be adjudicated. Premium Processing Service (PPS), whereby for a payment of $1225 one is guaranteed a response to one’s petition within 15 calendar days—a response that can be either an approval or a request for additional evidence—has been suspended for cap-subject petitions. The USCIS states that PPS will likely be available again in September.
April 3, 2018: Big Brother wants to know
The Department of State is proposing to begin asking all visa applicants, immigrant and nonimmigrant, a number of new questions ‘for identity resolution and vetting purposes.’ Applicants will be asked for the identifiers they have used across a number of enumerated social media platforms over the five years before visa application; five years’ worth of previous telephone numbers and email accounts; whether they have ever been deported or removed from any country; and whether their spouses or parents have been involved in terrorism. On May 29, at the expiry of the required 60 day period of public comment, the new forms will go to the Office of Management and Budget for approval.
March 27, 2018: US expels Russian diplomats
Yesterday the US expelled 60 Russian diplomats in response to the Skripal nerve agent attack here in Britain. The Russian consulate in Seattle was also closed down. When the inevitable reciprocal gesture by the Russians occurs the wait for a US visa interview in Moscow will likely be even longer than the current 250 days for a visitor’s visa. Similar waits are in store for applicants at the consulates in Yekaterinburg and St Petersburg, but those willing to apply in Vladivostok will be seen in ‘only’ 90 days.
March 20, 2018: Understatement
The Office of Inspector General, Homeland Security, has issued a report entitled ‘USCIS Has Unclear Website Information and Unrealistic Time Goals for Adjudicating Green Card Applications.’ This report will give some comfort to applicants wondering why their applications are taking six months or longer to adjudicate, when the USCIS’ announced goal is 120 days. One of the OIG’s suggestions is to change the goal, which it now finds unrealistic. It would have been more comfort if the OIG had been able to come up with some way to speed up the process.
March 13, 2018: Enormous backlog in processing of work permits
On February 27, 2018 the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) held a stakeholder conference call on issues surrounding Employment Authorization Documents (EADs, or ‘work permits’). The USCIS reported that it currently has an ‘inventory’ of 625,000 applications for EADs, which are filed on Form I-765s. Of that number fully 394,000 are currently under active consideration. Those applicants waiting hopefully for their EADs may or may not be cheered to hear that 24% of the applications have been pending for over 180 days.
March 6, 2018: Global Entry interviews in London
From tomorrow through May 3, 2018, the US Embassy in London is hosting a Global Entry enrollment event, run by US Customs and Border Protection, for CBP officers to interview Global Entry applicants. Global Entry, a Trusted Traveler Program which allows for expedited clearance of pre-approved, low-risk travellers, was opened to UK citizens in July 2016. After being vetted by the UK Home Office and applying through the Global Online Enrollment System website, conditionally-approved Global Entry applicants can now register to attend the required CBP interview at the US Embassy in London, by appointment only.
February 27, 2018: USCIS mission statement
The United States Citizenship and Immigration Services has updated its mission statement for the first time since 2005. The mission statement previously read: “USCIS secures America’s promise as a nation of immigrants by providing accurate and useful information to our customers, granting immigration and citizenship benefits, promoting an awareness and understanding of citizenship, and ensuring the integrity of our immigration system.” It now reads: “US Citizenship and Immigration Services administers the nation’s lawful immigration system, safeguarding its integrity and promise by efficiently and fairly adjudicating requests for immigration benefits while protecting Americans, securing the homeland and honoring our values.” The exclusion of the phrase “nation of immigrants” has received much comment in the press, but the entire revision shows a significant shift in immigration policy by switching its focus from its “customers” (typically non-US citizens) to the “Americans” it is protecting.
February 20, 2018: A pause in the service
Your correspondent is travelling. Please check back next Tuesday for a resumption of Weekly Update.
February 13, 2018: Latest quarter’s expatriates; CBP statistics for electronics searches
The Internal Revenue Service has published its quarterly list of people who chose to renounce their US citizenship or long-term permanent resident (‘green card’) status during the fourth quarter of 2017. The list identifies 685 individuals, bringing the 2017 total to 5,132.
During fiscal year 2017, Customs and Border Protection searched the electronic devices of 30,200 arriving or departing international travellers. That number equals only 0.007 percent of the approximately 397 million foreign travellers who arrived in the US in that time period, but it does reveal a continuing upward trend in the number of these searches as compared to previous years. During fiscal year 2016, 19,051 international travellers had their electronic devices searched by CBP. An updated Directive on Border Searches of Electronic Devices was released by CBP in January.
February 6, 2018: Immigration in the State of the Union
In delivering his State of the Union speech last week, President Trump expressed his intentions to fix the ‘broken’ US immigration system, particularly by restricting ‘chain migration,’ which incited criticism from numerous sources. The American Immigration Council discusses how this negative trend continues to be worrying.
January 30, 2018: New US Embassy; updates to US federal policy regarding cannabis
Now that the new US Embassy has been open for a few weeks, you may want to check out the video the Embassy has posted about current visa appointment procedures.
Due to recent changes in US law and policy, we have updated our website article Cannabis Legal in the US? Not for Immigration Purposes.
January 23, 2018: New poverty guidelines; US immigration difficulties
The Department of Health and Human Services has released new poverty guidelines applicable to all I-864 Affidavits of Support filed on or after March 1, 2018. The Department of Homeland Security typically issues a new I-864P incorporating the changes shortly before March 1. For additional information about the Affidavit of Support process, please see our website articles A Beginner’s Guide to the Affidavit of Support and I-864 Affidavits of Support: The Problem of ‘Domicile’.
It is no secret that President Trump’s views are affecting US immigration policies (see our previous Weekly Updates about his Executive Orders and Presidential Proclamations) even though the law and regulations have yet to be changed. A recent article in the Toronto Star discusses how even people from wealthy, friendly countries like Canada are finding it more difficult to get into the US under the current administration.
January 16, 2018: New filing procedures for L petitions
USCIS has announced that starting February 12, 2018, petitioners whose primary office is located in the Vermont Service Center’s jurisdiction will no longer file L petitions at the Vermont Service Center but instead directly with the Texas Service Center. The California Service Center will continue adjudicating L petitions within its jurisdiction as usual. USCIS may reject petitions filed incorrectly from March 12, 2018 onwards.
January 9, 2018: New US Embassy, London; Temporary Protected Status
The new US Embassy in London will be open to the public next week, starting January 16, 2018. More information about the new building including photographs can be found in articles in The Daily Mail and The Guardian and on the Embassy’s Facebook page. The new address is as follows:
Embassy of the United States of America
33 Nine Elms Lane
London SW11 7US
Homeland Security announced yesterday that on September 9, 2019 it will terminate Temporary Protected Status (TPS) for citizens of El Salvador. In so doing DHS pointed out that the reason for the most recent designation, in 2001, of Salvadorans as eligible for TPS—an earthquake—no longer justified maintaining immigration benefits for those persons. This overlooks the fact that the original reason for special treatment for citizens of El Salvador, the political violence in the country, has continued and intensified since Salvadorans were first granted TPS in 1990.
TPS was established in the Immigration Act of 1990, which created a program allowing the Attorney General to designate nationals of certain countries suffering political or environmental difficulties to remain in the US for intervals of 18 months. The countries whose citizens are eligible for TPS are, in addition to El Salvador, Haiti, Honduras, Nepal, Nicaragua, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Syria and Yemen. Notice was previously given for termination of the TPS designation for Haiti, to take effect in July 2019. Additional information regarding TPS can be found on the USCIS TPS web page.
January 2, 2018: Nothing to report
As we have no news from the US immigration world to report, ‘Weekly Update’ will resume on January 9. Please check back with us then.
December 19, 2017: Update for entrepreneurs, G&M festive season hours
Further to our Weekly Update of December 5, the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has published instructions and a form for applying for international entrepreneur parole, requiring a total fee of $1,285. However, in the same announcement, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) warns that it is in the final stages of preparing a rule that would revoke the Obama administration’s International Entrepreneur Rule, which created such parole. The stated reason is that DHS believes the rule to be inconsistent with President Trump’s Executive Order for Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements.
Our office will close for the holidays from 4:30pm on Friday, December 22 and will reopen at 9:00am on Tuesday, January 2. During this time we will continue to answer urgent client emails. Other requests will be dealt with as soon as reasonably possible. “Weekly Update” will resume on January 9, so please check back with us then. We wish our readers a happy and healthy festive season.
December 12, 2017: Immigration enforcement; Embassy holiday closures
The Department of Homeland Security has published border security and enforcement data from the Customs and Border Protection (CBP) for Fiscal Year 2017, which includes the last four months of the Obama administration and the first eight months of the Trump administration. The report shows that FY2017 had “the lowest level of illegal cross-border migration on record, as measured by apprehensions along the border and inadmissible encounters at US ports of entry.” The report also gives information regarding CBP’s personnel, use of force, wall progress, narcotics seizures and gang arrests. While evaluating the statistics, CBP cites changes made due to its implementation of President Trump’s January 25 Executive Order: Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements.
Please be aware that the US Embassy in London will be closed over the holiday period on December 25 and 26, 2017 as well as January 1, 2018.
December 5, 2017: Renewed opportunity for entrepreneurs
The US district court of the District of Columbia has issued an opinion in National Venture Capital Association v. Duke, vacating the delay of the International Entrepreneur Rule’s start date (originally set as July 17, 2017), finding that the Department of Homeland Security violated the Administrative Procedure Act's notice and comment requirements. This means that DHS must now begin accepting and adjudicating parole applications of foreign entrepreneurs who seek to grow their companies in the US. See our Weekly Updates of July 11 and January 17 for more information.
November 28, 2017: Visa restrictions in effect
Further to our Weekly Updates of September 26 and October 24, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals has granted, in part, the government’s emergency motion for a stay of the US District Court of Hawaii’s preliminary injunction of the Presidential Proclamation of September 24, 2017. This court order of November 13 means that nationals of Chad, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Syria and Yemen are now being held to the visa restrictions and limitations set out in the proclamation unless they have a credible claim to a bona fide relationship with a person or entity in the US. More information is provided in the Department of State’s announcement.
November 21, 2017: Thanksgiving closure
The US Embassy in London will be closed this Thursday for the US holiday Thanksgiving, so keep that in mind if you are waiting for a visa to be issued.
November 14, 2017: SSN application part of EAD application
The USCIS and the Social Security Administration have worked together to reduce to a single step the application process for certain foreign nationals to obtain both an employment authorization document (EAD) and a Social Security Number (SSN). The latest edition of Form I-765 is used for this purpose. Applicants should receive their Social Security cards approximately two weeks after receiving their EADs.
November 7, 2017: US visas in Turkey; latest quarter’s expatriations
Further to our Weekly Update of October 10, 2017, limited nonimmigrant visa services have now resumed at the US Embassy in Ankara and the US Consulate General in Istanbul. Applicants should check the website for answers to frequently asked questions regarding the temporary cancellation of visa appointments and for updated security instructions.
The Internal Revenue Service has published its quarterly list of people who chose to renounce their US citizenship or long-term permanent resident (‘green card’) status during the third quarter of 2017. The list identifies 1,376 individuals.
October 31, 2017: More naturalizations
An article in the New York Times discusses a recent increase in the number of lawful permanent residents, i.e. green card holders, choosing to go through the naturalization process to become US citizens. Because green card holders must follow correct procedures to maintain their status, may be deported for certain offences and cannot vote in US elections, obtaining citizenship is the best way to secure one’s permanent place in the US. This upsurge appears to be in response to the shifting immigration policies in the US as set out in President Trump’s executive orders and presidential proclamations.
October 24, 2017: Visa/travel ban news; USCIS policy for extension petitions
Parts of President Trump’s latest immigration/travel ban have again been halted by the courts. As posted on the Department of State’s website, the ruling of the US District Court of Hawaii means that visa applicants who are nationals of Chad, Iran, Libya, Syria, Yemen, and Somalia will not be subject to any of the restrictions or limitations set out in the Presidential Proclamation of September 24, 2017. However, nationals of North Korea and Venezuela are now subject to the restrictions and limitations listed in the proclamation because the court’s finding did not address those sections.
Yesterday, USCIS issued a policy memorandum rescinding its previous policy which required its officers to defer to past approvals when adjudicating petitions for extensions of nonimmigrant status, particularly L-1B specialized knowledge status. The new policy will mean that in extension petitions the parties will need to prove up every aspect of eligibility, even those (such as corporate relationships) that had been adjudicated in the previous petition. The USCIS announcement shows that this is related to President Trump’s Executive Order 13788 entitled ‘Buy American Hire American.’
October 17, 2017: Green card lottery disaster; changes to I-129 filing addresses
Further to our Weekly Update of September 19, the Department of State has announced that the FY2019 Diversity Visa ‘green card lottery’ which began accepting entries on October 3, 2017 has now been closed due to a technical issue. A new entry period will begin on Wednesday, October 18, 2017 and will end on Wednesday, November 22, 2017 at 12:00 noon, Eastern (US) Time. If you applied between October 3 and October 10, you should disregard any confirmation number or other correspondence you received and submit a new entry between October 18 and November 22. Your new entry will not be deemed an impermissible duplicate entry.
On October 12, 2017, USCIS made two changes to the direct filing addresses for Form I-129, as follows. USCIS may reject Forms I-129 that are filed at incorrect service centers from November 11, 2017.
- Petitioners will now file Form I-129 according to the state where the company or organization’s primary office is located, not according to the location where the beneficiary will be employed or trained.
- Petitioners located in Florida, Georgia, North Carolina and Texas will now file Form I-129 at the California Service Center instead of the Vermont Service Center.
October 10, 2017: Visa troubles between the US and Turkey; USCIS statistics
On Sunday October 8 the US diplomatic mission in Turkey took the extraordinary step of suspending all nonimmigrant visa services in that country. The stated reason was the recent arrest of Turkish employees of the US mission to Turkey and a resulting fear that the Turkish government was not committed to the safety and security of the US diplomatic posts. The Republic of Turkey responded with a ban of its own, on all visa issuance at its embassy and consulates in the United States and on all issuance of visas to US citizens including e-visas. It is important to note that there is no ban on Turkish citizens travelling to the US; Turks holding valid visas will continue to be able to use them.
To add to the data released about L-1B petitions last week, you can find a list of all L petitions approved during Fiscal Year 2016 broken down by petitioning employer on the USCIS website. Additionally, USCIS has published statistics regarding all petitions and applications received (6,609,133) and approved (5,122,681) during the first three quarters of Fiscal Year 2017.
October 3, 2017: L-1B statistics
The US Citizenship and Immigration Services has published data on the number of L-1B petitions filed, approved and denied in Fiscal Years 2015 through the second quarter of 2017. The denial rate has stayed consistent at about 25 percent following the all-time high of 35 percent in FY 2014, but it continues to be dishearteningly high when compared to the 6 percent denial rate in FY 2006 (see the National Foundation for American Policy’s report). We will need to wait to see how President Trump’s April 18 Executive Order 13788 entitled ‘Buy American Hire American’ affects these adjudications.
September 26, 2017: New visa restrictions by Presidential Proclamation
President Trump issued a Presidential Proclamation regarding immigration on September 24, 2017 affecting nationals of Iran, Libya, Somalia, Syria, Yemen, Chad and North Korea and a small number of nationals from Venezuela. For more information about the new restrictions, see the Department of State’s announcement. You may wish to also refer to the summary by Marty Lederman, a Georgetown law school professor. In light of this new proclamation, the Supreme Court has removed Trump v. Hawaii from the oral argument calendar and ordered the parties to brief whether the case has now been rendered moot.
September 19, 2017: Diversity visa green card; million dollar green card
The application period for the FY2019 Diversity Visa ‘green card lottery’ will open on Tuesday, October 3, 2017 and will end on Tuesday, November 7, 2017 at 12:00 noon, Eastern (US) Time. Eligibility requirements remain the same as last year. Applicants should read the instructions provided and may wish to watch the Department of State’s video tutorial. They should also heed the Fraud Warnings on the Department of State website, ensuring to check their application’s status online through the DV Entrant Status Check. From May 1, 2018, applicants will be able to find out if their entry has been selected in the DV program. For some additional information about the DV lottery, you may wish to look at our article Do You Feel Lucky? US Government Now Accepting Applications for the Green Card Lottery.
A recent Bloomberg article discusses a different route to obtain immigrant status in the US, the EB-5 program, and how rich people, primarily Chinese nationals, and their agents use the program. Also known as ‘alien entrepreneur,’ ‘immigrant investor’ or ‘million-dollar green card,’ the program is often criticized for being too vulnerable to fraud and for not actually benefiting the targeted geographical areas as intended. See our Weekly Update of May 17, 2016 for more information.
September 12, 2017: The end of DACA
As announced in Attorney General Jeff Sessions’ statement to the Justice Department last week, President Trump has rescinded DACA, the ‘Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals’ programme which was created by President Obama in 2012 to benefit young undocumented immigrants, now with almost 800,000 participants. Beginning as early as March 6, 2018, participants whose DACA status expires will be subject to deportation, no longer allowed to work legally and prevented from returning to the US after travelling abroad. The six months’ leeway is supposed to give Congress time to pass a replacement before the DACA protections end, but in order for President Trump to support new legislation, it would reportedly need to fit his immigration aims to strengthen the border, protect American jobs and enhance enforcement. Although not surprising news (see our blog post of November 15, 2016), the end of DACA marks another significant (and, in many eyes, disheartening) change to the US immigration system.
September 5, 2017: US entry emergencies
In today’s Federal Register, the Department of Homeland Security and the Department of State have published parallel final rules regarding waivers of the requirements for visas and passports in cases of emergency for nonimmigrants seeking admission to the US. The rules will come into effect on October 5, 2017. Airlines may still be fined for allowing people without the required documents to board flights to the US even if they are eventually granted waivers for entry.
August 29, 2017: USCIS interviews
The US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has announced that as of October 1, 2017, in-person interviews will be required for all employment-based applicants for lawful permanent resident (LPR) status as part of the adjustment of status process. Currently, interviews for employment-based adjustment applicants are almost always waived, so it is likely that requiring these interviews will lengthen the adjudication process for these applications, which already takes anywhere from 6 to 26 months depending on the USCIS service center. USCIS will also begin conducting interviews for all applicants for LPR status who are petitioning to join relatives who are refugees or asylees in the US. This change in USCIS policy is another example of the government’s response to President Trump’s March 6th Executive Order and concurrent memorandum on immigration.
August 22, 2017: Proposed new questions for visa applicants
Further to our March 28th Weekly Update, there has been more activity in response to President Trump’s memorandum signed concurrently with his March 6th Executive Order on immigration. In the August 3rd Federal Register, the Department of State published for public comment proposed information that could be required of visa applicants worldwide. The new requirements would expand on the information already requested in the DS-160 visa application form, requiring more details of travel history, address history, employment history, family information and social media activity. The proposal is open for public comment until October 2, 2017.
August 15, 2017: ‘Buy American Hire American’ in visa policy
On August 9, the Department of State updated its guidance to consular officers in the Foreign Affairs Manual to reflect the April 18 presidential Executive Order 13788 entitled ‘Buy American Hire American.’ When adjudicating applications for E-1, E-2, H-1B, L, O and P visas, consular officers are now instructed to keep in mind the need to protect the interests of US workers, including through the prevention of fraud or abuse. It would therefore not be surprising if we soon see even greater scrutiny of these applications. Further information about how USCIS is working to implement ‘Buy American Hire American’ can be found on its website.
August 8, 2017: Proposed immigration changes; new US ambassador to the UK
Last week, President Trump supported the proposed Reforming American Immigration for a Strong Economy Act (RAISE Act), introduced by Senators Tom Cotton and David Perdue. The RAISE Act would replace the United States’ current immigration system with one, similar to those used in Canada and Australia, based on points awarded for criteria such as education, English-speaking level, high-paying job offers, age, record of achievement and entrepreneurial initiative. It is said the number of legal immigrants would be cut in half under the new system as it would decrease ‘low-skilled’ immigration and limit family sponsorship to only spouses and minor children of US citizens and legal permanent residents (LPRs), eliminating sponsorship for other relatives (including siblings and adult children) and offering only a renewable temporary visa for parents who need caretaking. With the exception of the new ‘W’ visa for the dependent parents of US citizens or LPRs, this bill would not make any changes in the current system for temporary, nonimmigrant visas.
Woody Johnson, the owner of the New York Jets, a professional American football team, has been named the new US ambassador to the United Kingdom after being confirmed by the Senate
August 1, 2017: Visa issuance numbers; definition of ‘close familial relationship’ for visa applications
The US Department of State (DOS) now publishes statistics on their website to show how many nonimmigrant visas are issued monthly, by applicant nationality and by post. You can find the latest numbers for nonimmigrant visas issued by the US Embassy in London on page 57 of the June chart.
On July 14th, DOS updated its description of how it enforces President Trump’s Executive Order on immigration, now taking into consideration the July 13th ruling of a US District Court in Hawaii to define the phrase ‘close familial relationship’ as used in the Supreme Court’s June 26th decision regarding the implementation of the Executive Order. Previously, a close familial relationship was defined under US government guidance as a ‘parent (including parent-in-law), spouse, fiancé, child, adult son or daughter, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, sibling, whether whole or half, and including step relationships.’ The District Court’s ruling added to the definition ‘grandparents, grandchildren, brothers-in-law, sisters-in-law, aunts and uncles, nephews and nieces, and cousins.’ The visa appointment scheduling website has posted a reminder to nationals of Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen to review the DOS website before proceeding with a visa application.
July 25, 2017: A pause in the service
Your correspondent is travelling. Please check back next Tuesday for a resumption of Weekly Update.
July 18, 2017: No rest for the wicked, but retirement for the honourable.
In a major blow to the demon-possessed, the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals has decided that a Nigerian citizen allegedly suffering from demonic forces did not qualify for asylum. The Court upheld findings below to the effect that the statutory requirement of ‘persecution’ does not include harms inflicted by supernatural forces or beings, pointing out that the claimant had not identified any way for the Nigerian government to protect against supernatural forces or suggest how the US government might be better equipped to do so. In any event, ‘supernatural beings and their agents are theoretically capable of targeting an asylum applicant wherever he goes, including the United States.’ The ruling applies throughout the Circuit Court’s jurisdiction, which covers the states of Arkansas, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska and North and South Dakota.
Today Weekly Update gives a shout-out to John Gaylord, former Elementary School principal at the American Community School in Amman, Jordan, who is today celebrating his first post-retirement birthday. Happy birthday, John!
July 11, 2017: Saying ‘no’ to foreign entrepreneurs; the Wall and the owl
The Department of Homeland Security has delayed until March 14, 2018 the effective date of the rule that would have created the entrepreneur parole programme. (For details of that programme see our Weekly Update of January 17.) Under the final rule as published during the last days of the previous administration foreign entrepreneurs would have been able, beginning July 17, to apply for permission to stay in the US for up to 30 months in order to run their new businesses. Today’s Federal Register announcement states that DHS will be taking public comment on its plan to revoke the rule entirely.
During the 2016 presidential election campaign Candidate Trump promised to build a 'beautiful, southern border wall' between the US and Mexico, to deter would-be unauthorized immigrants. This plan may be thwarted by an owl—to be exact, a cactus ferruginous pygmy owl. The Center for Biological Diversity, a non-profit organisation based in Tucson, Arizona, has filed a lawsuit to block the construction on the grounds that a comprehensive environmental impact statement is required. Such a statement was prepared in 2001 to assess the impact of a limited border fence construction but, the lawsuit alleges, the size of the proposed new wall means that the potential impact on endangered species such as the pygmy owl must be assessed once again.
July 4, 2017: Independence Day naturalizations; travel ban update
Happy Fourth of July to our American readers and to the nearly 15,000 people who over the holiday weekend will become US citizens in more than 65 Independence Day-themed naturalization ceremonies taking place throughout the US. During their naturalization interviews, the applicants would have been required to answer correctly at least six out of ten questions from the 100 possible civics questions about important US history and government topics. Download the mobile app USCIS: Civics Test Study Tools to see if you would pass the test!
Further to our previous Weekly Update, the US Department of State has posted information about enforcing President Trump’s Executive Order on immigration in compliance with last week’s Supreme Court decision. Visa appointments already scheduled for nationals of the six countries affected by the EO (Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen) will not be cancelled, but consular officers will determine at the interview if an applicant is exempt from the travel ban based on having a bona fide relationship with a person or entity in the US.
June 27, 2017: New I-485; Trump’s travel ban news
USCIS has released a new 18-page version of Form I-485 Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status and its supplements A and J. The new I-485 now requests additional biographic information so that a separate Form G-325A is no longer required when filing an I-485. USCIS will accept only the new edition of the form and its supplements from August 25, 2017.
Yesterday, the US Supreme Court decided to grant certiorari (to accept for hearing) the ‘travel ban’ case regarding the Executive Order signed by President Trump on March 6th. This means that, for the next 90 days, the US Government may now bar US entry to citizens of Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen if they ‘lack any bona fide relationship with a person or entity in the United States.’ In its decision, the Court gave several examples of the types of people who would not be subject to the bar, such as a person going to the US to visit family, to take up employment, give a lecture or attend university.
June 20, 2017: Departure date check
US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has updated the website where travelers can download their most recent I-94 Arrival/Departure Record and a list of their US entries and exits during the last five years. A new feature called the “Traveler Compliance Check” allows certain travelers to check the status of their admission in the US and see how many days they have left before they must leave or how many days they have already remained past their period of authorised stay. Travelers who have potentially overstayed in the US may also receive an email notification from CBP. CBP has posted FAQs about this new Traveler Compliance Check.
June 13, 2017: Medical updates; changes in transmitting US citizenship
The US Embassy in London has updated its online instructions for immigrant visa applicants’ medical examinations with its panel physicians, Knightsbridge Doctors. However, the website has neglected to list the physicians’ new requirement of a Patient Summary from the applicant’s GP, so it is advisable to address to Knightsbridge Doctors directly any specific questions about preparing for the medical examination. On June 1, 2017, the medical fee increased by £10; it is now £300 for applicants aged 15 years and over and £130 for applicants aged 14 and under.
Yesterday in Sessions v Morales-Santana, the Supreme Court of the United States struck down as impermissible gender discrimination a provision of US immigration law that made it easier for US-citizen unwed mothers to transmit citizenship to their children than for US-citizen unwed fathers. (See our article US Citizenship—Having It, Getting It, Giving it Up for more information.) The decision was 8-0, the case having been argued in November 2016 before Justice Gorsuch joined the Court. In contrast, a suit challenging that same section of the law had been upheld on a 4-4 vote almost exactly six years earlier—on June 13, 2011. For a discussion of that case, Flores-Villar v United States, see our archived Weekly Update of June 21, 2011. Check out our latest blog post for further details of the outcome of Sessions v Morales-Santana.
June 6, 2017: Security update in London; Camp Fury with CBP
Following the attacks at London Bridge and Borough Market on June 3, the US Embassy in London has published a security alert to remind US citizens and nationals in the UK of safety procedures and emergency contacts, including registering with the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to receive safety condition updates and enable the US Embassy to contact or locate them in an emergency.
Customs and Border Protection (CBP) officers of the Tucson Sector Border Patrol recently hosted a unique adventure and career exploration experience called Camp Fury, sponsored by the Girl Scouts of Southern Arizona. The participants, 34 girls, learned about law enforcement tactics, crime scene analysis, evidence collection and physical fitness as they took part in fire and police activities.
May 30, 2017: Nonimmigrants and guns
The Arizona Daily Star has reported on an effort by the Department of Homeland Security to get guns out of the hands of foreign students who fraudulently obtain ‘resident’ hunting licenses that then allow them (unlike most nonimmigrant visa holders) to legally buy guns in the US. So far, guns thus obtained have been seized from at least eight Chinese students at the University of Arizona. The article points out that the federal law that prohibits gun ownership by nonimmigrant visa holders has an exception for persons owning ‘resident’ hunting licenses. The students’ offense was to claim resident status in Arizona when, under the terms of their student visas, they must maintain a residence outside the US to which they intend to return.
May 23, 2017: Overstay statistics
The Department of Homeland Security has published a press release and 50-page report about the people who remained in the US past the date on which they should have departed during fiscal year 2016. The report analyses the number of overstays based on a visitor’s US immigration classification status at entry and his/her country of citizenship. The overall rate of overstays was approximately 1.47%, but it was only 0.60% for Visa Waiver Program entries.
May 16, 2017: Latest quarter’s renunciations; new green cards and EADs
The Internal Revenue Service has published its quarterly list of people who chose to renounce their US citizenship or long-term permanent resident (‘green card’) status during the first quarter of 2017. The list identifies 1,313 individuals.
For people who are interested in gaining (rather than giving up) lawful permanent residence, USCIS has redesigned the look of green cards as well as employment authorization documents. Examples of the new cards can be seen here on Twitter. The redesign is meant to make the cards more secure and tamper-resistant.
May 9, 2017: EB-5 controversy
The appropriations measure signed by President Trump on May 5, 2017 contained a provision that will extend the EB-5 Immigrant Investor Program until September 30, 2017. Although the program is controversial for many reasons, including its susceptibility to fraud (see our Weekly Update of May 17, 2016), the bill makes no changes to the program. A New York Times article calls into question a conflict of interest between the president’s continuation of the EB-5 program and his son-in-law Jared Kushner’s work finding Chinese investors for the family’s construction projects.
May 2, 2017: Embassy performances
The Department of State has updated one of the sections of its Foreign Affairs Manual regarding O-1 visa applications. 9 FAM 402.13-5(B) now reminds consular officers that they should not require applicants to perform at the consular interview as a method to verify their qualifications for an O-1 visa as an alien of extraordinary ability (for example, in the arts). Such a request for a performance would be justified only as part of an anti-fraud investigation. One can only wonder how many performances were being requested across all US consulates and embassies prior to this FAM update.
April 25, 2017: CBP statistics
During the first half of fiscal year 2017, Customs and Border Protection searched the electronic devices of 14,993 arriving international travellers. That number equals only 0.008 percent of the approximately 189.6 million foreign travellers who arrived in the US in that time period, but it does reveal a continuing upward trend in the number of these searches as compared to previous years. During the first half of fiscal year 2016, only 8,383 international travellers had their electronic devices searched by CBP upon entry.
April 18, 2017: ESTA mistake; H-1B lottery
As reported in The Guardian, the Embassy in London recently required an in-person interview with a three-month-old infant whose ESTA application was denied. (His grandfather had mistakenly answered “yes” to the question “Do you seek to engage in or have you ever engaged in terrorist activities, espionage, sabotage, or genocide?” on the baby’s application.) Prospective travellers to the US: Take care when completing an ESTA application for yourself or for others! More information about travelling to the US on the Visa Waiver Program can be found in our article Travelling to the US Without a Visa.
During the five-day filing period at the beginning of April, USCIS received 199,000 H-1B petitions for the statutory cap of 65,000 and the advanced degree exemption of 20,000 for fiscal year 2018. A lottery was performed on April 11, 2017 to select enough petitions for adjudication to meet the caps. USCIS will reject and return all unselected petitions with their filing fees to petitioners.
April 11, 2017: H-1B cap reached
The USCIS announced last Friday, April 7, that in the first five working days of April it received a sufficient number of H-1B petitions to reach the statutory cap and the advanced degree exemption for fiscal year 2018. As a result, the USCIS will perform a lottery to randomly select petitions for adjudication. It will no longer accept H-1B petitions subject to the FY2018 cap, but it will continue to accept and process petitions that are exempt from the cap.
April 4, 2017: H-1B update
As we have previously discussed, USCIS is now accepting H-1B petitions for the fiscal year 2018 cap. The ordered chaos of the petition deliveries to USCIS’s service centers is described in a New York Times article. Considering some uncertainty in the future of the H-1B program, there may be even more petitions filed this year than previously. USCIS announced on April 3, 2017 that additional procedures will be implemented to deter and detect H-1B visa fraud and abuse, and it released a memorandum on March 31, 2017 setting out some changes in adjudication policies, most notably that an entry-level computer programmer position would not generally qualify as being a position in a specialty occupation.
March 28, 2017: Enhanced visa application screening
The Department of State has issued a cable to all consular posts providing guidance on heightening the screening and vetting of visa applications in response to a memorandum President Trump signed concurrently with his March 6th Executive Order on immigration. It reminds consular officers that ‘all visa decisions are national security decisions’ and, among other enhancements, calls for a mandatory social media check for any visa applicant who has ever been
in ISIS-controlled territory. Furthermore, posts are advised to schedule no more than 120 visa interviews per consular adjudicator per day even if this increases wait times for appointments.
March 21, 2017: H-1B news
Starting April 3, 2017, the USCIS will be accepting H-1B petitions subject to the fiscal year 2018 cap. If, as expected, more petitions are filed during the first five business days than can be accommodated under the annual quota of approximately 65,000, a lottery will be conducted among the petitions received to determine which petitions will be adjudicated. (An additional 20,000 H-1Bs are available to individuals with a US master’s degree or higher.) USCIS has also announced that it will temporarily suspend premium processing for all H-1B petitions for up to six months after the April 3rd filing start date, but petitioners may submit a request to expedite an H-1B petition if they meet one of the Expedite Criteria.
Further to our Weekly Updates of June 7, 2016 and September 27, 2016, the federal district court in Oregon last week granted summary judgment in favour of the USCIS—that is, judgment without a trial—in a case where the plaintiffs had claimed that the USCIS had no authority to use a lottery to decide which H-1B petitions would be accepted for adjudication. The plaintiffs had wanted the USCIS to set up a queue so that H-1B petitions would be adjudicated on a first-come first-served basis, with excess petitions getting a priority date for later processing. A copy of the decision in the case (Walker Macy LLC v USCIS) as well as copies of all materials filed in federal court cases can be viewed on the US federal court system’s website at https://www.pacer.gov/login.html (registration required).
March 14, 2017: New Executive Order conflict; bill introduced for H-1B and L-1 reform
President Trump’s Executive Order, with effective date of March 16, has met with a response similar to that received by his previous immigration-related EO. Multiple states, including Hawaii, Washington, California, Maryland, Massachusetts, New York and Oregon, are in efforts to block this EO’s travel ban like the last one. As announced on the Department of State’s visa scheduling website, nationals of the six countries affected by the EO (Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen) should review the provided information before scheduling a visa appointment.
Senator Charles Grassley of Iowa has renewed his efforts to see the government clamp down on certain visa programs that he believes allow foreign workers to displace US citizens from their jobs. His proposed H-1B and L-1 Visa Reform Act of 2017 would make changes including the elimination of employment experience in a speciality field being equivalent to holding a degree in a specialty field, a reduction in the maximum length of authorized H-1B status from six to three years (with exceptions), and the introduction of a prevailing wage requirement for L-1 petitions.
March 7, 2017: New Executive Order
The latest immigration-related Executive Order was signed by President Trump yesterday, March 6, and will become effective on March 16. At that point the previous EO of January 27, 2017 will be formally revoked. The new EO is directed at citizens of Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen and prohibits them from entering the US during the 90 days after March 16. At the end of that period there will then be a re-evaluation based upon information that the EO requires the Secretaries of State and Homeland Security, and the Director of National Intelligence, to provide to the President.
There are several important exceptions to the travel ban, including persons who obtained their currently valid US visas before January 27; lawful permanent residents (green card holders); and dual nationals who are travelling on a passport of another non-listed country. Waivers are also theoretically available on a case-by-case basis.
February 28, 2017: New immigration restrictions coming?
The new Executive Order ‘travel ban,’ which would take the place of the one declared unconstitutional by several US courts, has not yet materialised. It is rumoured to be forthcoming on Wednesday. A draft memorandum from the Department of Homeland Security however states that citizenship is a poor predictor of who will engage in terrorism in the United States and that very few people from the seven countries covered by the previous travel ban had been involved in domestic terrorism.
February 21, 2017: CBP seizures
Besides needing to enforce (and then stop enforcing) President Trump’s January 27th Executive Order, US Customs and Border Protection has been quite busy lately. On January 29th, CBP Agriculture Specialists at Washington Dulles International Airport searched the suitcases of two women from Mongolia, finding 42 pounds of horsemeat and other ruminant meat concealed inside juice boxes, including 13 pounds of horse genitals (supposedly to be used for medicinal purposes) and three liters of yak milk. The food products were seized and destroyed. On February 10th, CBP Border Patrol agents found and dismantled a catapult system attached to the south side of the border fence near Douglas, Arizona. The catapult was being used to launch bundles of marijuana (cannabis) over the fence into the US, so the agents searched the area and seized more than 47 pounds of the drug. On CBP’s website, you can learn more about what the agency accomplishes in ‘A Typical Day.’
February 14, 2017: Trump’s travel ban news; latest quarter’s renunciations
On February 9th, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals denied the emergency motion for a stay of the temporary restraining order (TRO) on President Trump’s travel ban, stating, ‘We hold that the Government has not shown a likelihood of success on the merits of its appeal, nor has it shown that failure to enter a stay would cause irreparable injury.’ One of the Ninth Circuit judges has asked for all the Circuit judges to vote on whether the decision upholding the travel ban TRO should be considered en banc—that is, by all the Ninth Circuit judges, not just the three who made the decision. Briefs must be submitted by the parties by February 16th.
The Internal Revenue Service has published its quarterly list of people who chose to renounce their US citizenship or long-term permanent resident (‘green card’) status during the quarter ended December 31, 2016. The list includes the names of 2,364 individuals, among them London’s former mayor Boris Johnson whose intention to expatriate and US tax issues have been lengthily discussed (see our Weekly Updates of November 25, 2014 and February 17, 2015). Not only is this the most expatriates in any one quarter, but the total number for 2016—5,409—is a new all-time high, exceeding the previous annual record by more than 25 percent.
February 7, 2017: Executive Order update; new poverty guidelines
Since our last Weekly Update, the impact of President Trump’s January 27th Executive Order (EO) has gone through many permutations. Currently, as announced on the Department of State’s website and the Customs and Border Protection’s website, the US government is barred from enforcing certain provisions of the EO, including those related to the visa and travel ban, due to the temporary restraining order (TRO) granted by a US District court in Seattle, Washington on February 3rd. All documents filed in the case can be found here on the website of the US Court for the Ninth Circuit. Accordingly, the Department of Homeland Security has suspended any and all actions implementing the affected sections of the EO and has resumed its previous standard procedure for the inspection of travelers. The provisional revocation of valid visas of nationals of Syria, Iraq, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, and Yemen has also been lifted. Today at 3:00pm PDT, you may wish to tune in to the live-streamed oral argument on the administration’s motion for stay of the Seattle court’s TRO.
DHS has released new poverty guidelines applicable to all I-864 Affidavits of Support filed on or after March 1, 2017. For additional information about the Affidavit of Support process please see our website articles A Beginner’s Guide to the Affidavit of Support and I-864 Affidavits of Support: The Problem of ‘Domicile’.
January 31, 2017: Trump’s immigration disorder; new website article
After one week in office, President Trump signed the hotly contested Executive Order: Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States which, among other actions, indefinitely suspended the admission of any Syrian refugees and, for 90 days, barred US entry and visa issuance to people from seven countries: Iraq, Syria, Iran, Sudan, Libya, Somalia and Yemen. As widely reported in the press, the order caused confusion and chaos in US and foreign airports and incited widespread protests. Even US green card holders from those seven countries were being detained, but a Department of Homeland Security statement on Sunday formally declared that the executive order did not apply to lawful permanent residents. As announced on the visa scheduling website, nationals (and dual-nationals) of those seven countries should cancel their previously booked visa appointments and should not reschedule until further notice.
For up-to-date information on the confusing state of cannabis as an immigration issue, see our new article Cannabis Legal in the US? Not for Immigration Purposes.
January 24, 2017: US-UK immigration post-Brexit and post-Trump
Since President Donald Trump’s inauguration on January 20, we wait to see what changes will be made to US immigration policy by the new administration. A possible bright spot might be found, according to an article in The Guardian, if this week’s trade discussions between Prime Minister Theresa May and President Trump lead to easier immigration solutions for US citizens to work in the UK and for UK citizens to work in the US. However, the Prime Minister has previously pledged to decrease the net annual figure of non-EU migrants to the UK from 335,000 to below 100,000, so Americans may need to get in line/join the queue.
January 17, 2017: New opportunity for entrepreneurs
The Department of Homeland Security has issued a final rule, effective 17 July, that would give foreign entrepreneurs with at least 10% ownership in start-up companies with good prospects the permission (parole) to stay in the US for up to 30 months, with extension possible of another 30 months. In order to apply, the individual would need to show evidence that an investment of at least $250,000 has gone into the company and that the company has significant potential for rapid growth and job creation. A new form, I-941 Application for Entrepreneur Parole, requiring a filing fee of $1,200 plus an $85 fee for biometrics, will be created for this purpose. This is good progress for entrepreneurs whose visa options have been quite limited (see our website article Promising Progress for Immigrant Entrepreneurs and Start-ups); however, this opportunity could be short-lived as the new administration could immediately rescind the rule.
January 10, 2017: Official end of NSEERS
By notice published and effective on December 23, 2016, the Department of Homeland Security has revoked the regulations that established the National Security Entry-Exit Registration System (NSEERS) in 2002. NSEERS required nationals and citizens of designated countries to comply with special registration requirements, appear at immigration offices in the United States to give additional information when requested and to both enter and leave the US only through specified ports of entry. On April 28, 2011, the DHS Secretary stated that special registration was no longer necessary and that restrictions imposed upon the nationals and citizens of the 25 included countries would be abolished. Although no one has been subject to NSEERS since then, the programme framework itself had continued to exist. It is presumed that this new action was taken so that if the incoming administration wishes to restart NSEERS, it will need to follow the entire regulatory procedure to establish it from scratch, which would include the rule-drafting process allowing for public comment.
December 20, 2016: G&M festive season hours
Our office will close for the holidays from 4.30 pm on Friday December 23 and will reopen at 9.00 am on Tuesday January 3. During this time we will continue to answer urgent client e-mails. Other requests will be dealt with as soon as reasonably possible. “Weekly Update” will resume on January 10, so please check back with us then. We wish our readers a happy and healthy festive season.
December 6, 2016: CBP agriculture seizures; revoking US citizenship
US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) reported that its team of agriculture specialists and ‘Beagle Brigade’ based at Atlanta’s Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport intercepted many prohibited items during the busy Thanksgiving holiday weekend, including foreign plants, propagative seeds and an entire roasted pig inside the baggage of a traveller from Peru. CBP reminds travellers that all fruit, vegetable and other food/plant products, regardless of origin, must be declared and presented for inspection upon entry to the US.
A New York Times article discussed President Elect Trump’s tweeted suggestion that US citizens who protest government policies by burning the American flag should be punished by losing their citizenship. This led to an examination of the doctrine, established in the 1967 Supreme Court case of Afroyim v. Rusk, that the US Government cannot revoke US citizenship unless the citizen agrees.
November 29, 2016: Extreme hardship updates
The USCIS has updated its Policy Manual (formerly known as the Adjudicators’ Field Manual) with helpful information about what constitutes ‘extreme hardship’ for the purposes of a waiver of ineligibility for an immigrant visa application. For further discussion of waivers of ineligibility, please see our website article Washington, We Have a Problem! Ineligibilities and Waivers.
November 22, 2016: More pre-clearance news; EVUS program
DHS has chosen another 11 new airports to possibly begin CBP pre-clearance operations. The airports are located in Edinburgh, UK; Bogota, Colombia; Buenos Aires, Argentina; Mexico City, Mexico; Rome and Milan, Italy; Osaka, Japan; Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo, Brazil; Iceland and St. Maarten. CBP reports that more than 10 million travelers fly to the US from these airports each year.
Beginning November 29, 2016, Chinese nationals with 10-year visitor visas (B-1/B-2, B-1 or B-2) must have a valid Electronic Visa Update System (‘EVUS’) enrolment in order to be allowed to travel to the US. Travellers with visas already issued in their passports may continue using those visas, but they will not be admitted to the US after November 29th without first enrolling in EVUS (enrolments will generally last for two years or until passport expiry). For further information, see CBP’s Frequently Asked Questions about EVUS.
November 15, 2016: Payment options at the Embassy; more expatriations; looking into the future
Following on from the USCIS Field Office’s announcement that payment by credit card is no longer allowed for I-130 filing fees, the US Embassy in London is no longer accepting third-party card payments for any visa issuance fees. The credit card payment form has been retired.
The Internal Revenue Service has published its quarterly list of people who chose to renounce their US citizenship or long-term permanent resident (‘green card’) status during the quarter ending September 30, 2016. The list includes the names of 1,379 individuals, only 47 people fewer than the all-time high of 1,426 from the same quarter last year. After news of the Canadian immigration website crash after the US election results were announced, one wonders how much higher the expatriation numbers will grow.
In the week since Donald Trump’s unexpected victory in the US presidential race, a number of apocalyptic scenarios have been raised by those concerned about immigration to the US. For the thoughts of our principal, Susan McFadden, please see today’s blog post: US immigration policy under President Trump.
November 8, 2016: Preclearance in Sweden
An agreement has now been signed to introduce US Customs and Border Protection preclearance operations at Stockholm Arlanda Airport in Sweden. CBP has announced that the new US preclearance capacity is anticipated to commence in 2019. For further information about expanded preclearance procedures and the additional preclearance stations planned for ten airports around the world, see the CBP’s September 2015 article on the subject.
November 1, 2016: Last call for this year’s green card lottery
The application period for the FY2018 Diversity Visa ‘green card lottery’ will close on Monday, November 7, 2016 at 12:00 noon EST/17:00 GMT. If you are eligible, either through your place of birth or the place where your spouse or parents were born, apply as soon as possible. The Department of State website is likely to be overloaded the closer we get to the deadline. If you have questions about your eligibility you may wish to look at our article Do You Feel Lucky? US Government Now Accepting Applications for the Green Card Lottery.
October 25, 2016: Paying fees at USCIS London; USCIS fees to increase
Effective last Wednesday, October 19, 2016, credit cards may no longer be used to pay filing fees for petitions filed with the USCIS Field Office in London. The only acceptable forms of payment are either (1) a US bank cashier’s check, (2) a US bank or US Post Office money order, or (3) an international bank draft. For more information go to the Field Office’s announcement.
In yesterday’s Federal Register the US Citizenship and Immigration Services published notice of its new fee schedule, to become effective for all petitions and applications filed on or after December 23, 2016. The fees will supposedly increase on a weighted average of 21% but several petitions and applications of most interest to our readers will see increases well in excess of that figure. A few examples: The fee for the I-129 petition for non-immigrant worker used for most petition-based working visas will rise from $325 to $460 (41%); fee for a waiver of ineligibility for an immigrant visa, filed on I-601, will increase from $585 to $930 (59%); and the fee for expedited naturalisation for the child of a US citizen will go from $600 up to $1170, an increase of 95%. The moral of the story: Don’t delay, file today!
October 18, 2016: Lawsuit against Disney dismissed
Now for an update on a story we discussed in our Weekly Updates of June 9, 2015 and January 26, 2016. As reported in The New York Times, a federal trial court in Orlando has dismissed the lawsuit brought by Leo Perrero, a former Disney World employee who claimed that US immigration law had been violated when he was replaced by a foreign worker on an H-1B visa. Mr. Perrero also alleged that some of the actions breached the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (‘RICO’) Act which would have opened the way to treble damages. But it was not to be. The court held that, even if all of the facts alleged by the plaintiff were true, he had not stated a cause of action against the defendants. The dismissal was without prejudice, giving the plaintiff until October 24 to rewrite his complaint and try again.
October 11, 2016: Duration of waivers of ineligibility; photo requirements
The Department of State has updated the section of its Foreign Affairs Manual regarding waivers of ineligibility for visa issuance. 9 FAM 305.4-3(G)(1) now states that Homeland Security will generally grant waivers for up to 60 months and multiple entries, so consular officers may recommend waivers accordingly. This new policy is applicable even to first-time waiver recipients although there are exceptions. This will be a huge relief to those visa applicants who until now had been required to reapply for visas nearly every year.
From November 1, 2016, in the absence of extremely unusual circumstances, visa applicants and persons applying for US passports will no longer be allowed to wear eye glasses in their submitted photographs. See the Department of State’s website for more information about the required photograph specifications.
October 4, 2016: I-94 website; travel for LPRs
The US Customs and Border Protection has updated the website where travellers can download their most recent I-94 Arrival/Departure Record and a list of their US entries and exits during the last five years. Those entering the US at a land border crossing can also use the website to apply for a provisional I-94 up to seven days before appearing at the port of entry.
USCIS has published a new form—Form I-131A, Application for Travel Document (Carrier Documentation)—that allows some lawful permanent residents (‘green card’ holders) to apply for a travel document if their green card or re-entry permit has been lost, stolen or destroyed. The US Embassy here in London recently highlighted its USCIS Field Office’s information on requesting a Transportation Letter for travel to the US when a green card has been lost, stolen, misplaced or expired. They note that airlines may allow a lawful permanent resident with an expired green card to board a US flight without penalty if the green card was issued with a 10-year expiration date, so you should check with the airline before requesting a Transportation Letter.
September 27, 2016: Challenges to the H-1B lottery
Following up on our Weekly Update of June 7, 2016: A federal district (trial level) court judge in Oregon has denied a motion by US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) to dismiss a challenge to the way that H-1B petitions are handled. Plaintiffs claim that using a lottery to determine which H-1B petitions are adjudicated is arbitrary and capricious, and violates the statutory requirement that petitions be processed in the order received. They assert that H-1B petitions should be adjudicated on a first-come first-served basis, with excess petitions getting a priority date—a process followed by the USCIS in the adjudication of immigrant visa (green card) petitions that are not immediately available due to numerical limitations. A copy of the judge’s decision can be accessed here
September 20, 2016: Green card lottery
September 13, 2016: Medical requirements for IV applicants
On August 19, 2016, the Department of State announced new gonorrhea testing requirements for immigrant visa applicants. Starting no later than October 1, 2016, all immigrant visa applicants aged 15 and older will be tested for gonorrhea during the standard, required medical examination. Here in London, the Embassy has released an updated informational packet describing the procedure and requirements (now including the gonorrhea test) for the medical performed by its panel physicians, Knightsbridge Doctors. For applicants aged 15 and older, the fee has now increased from £250 to £290.
September 6, 2016: Potential parole for entrepreneurs
On August 31, 2016, the Department of Homeland Security published a proposed rule that would give certain ‘international entrepreneurs’ parole to remain in the US for up to two years (with possible extensions up to an additional three years) to get their business off the ground. Comments on the proposed rule will be accepted until October 17, 2016. As discussed in our website article Promising Progress for Immigrant Entrepreneurs and Start-ups, this new option for entrepreneurs would be a good step toward realizing some of the improvements called for by President Obama and the Secretary of Homeland Security in November 2014.
August 30, 2016: A pause in the service
Your correspondent is travelling. Please check back next Tuesday for a resumption of Weekly Update.
August 23, 2016: I-94 corrections by email
If you are in the US and notice a mistake on your I-94 arrival/departure record online, you may be able to get it corrected by email. Twelve of the more than 70 Customs and Border Protection (CBP) deferred inspection sites will now accept email requests for correction of an incorrect I-94. The list of deferred inspection offices on the CBP website includes the available email addresses in the column marked ‘I-94 Correction Requests.’ It is prudent to check both your I-94 record online and the entry stamp in your passport every time you enter the US.
August 16, 2016: Visa problems for war translators
Unfortunately, US immigration doesn’t always work like it should. An article in the New York Times discusses the thousands of Afghan translators and interpreters who have assisted the US military during the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq who are still awaiting the promised help from the US government to get out of the Taliban’s reach. Although a special visa program is in place to allow them to move to the US, the quota numbers and visa processes are complex and threatened by Congress’s indecision and in-fighting.
August 9, 2016: I-130 checklists for filing in London; new website article
The USCIS Field Office in the US Embassy, London has updated its checklists for filing I-130 immigrant petitions on behalf of alien relatives: Spouse, Child and Parent.
Want to move to the US permanently without being a multinational executive, someone with extraordinary ability or related to a US citizen? Green cards are available through employment-based categories EB-2 (members of the professions holding advanced degrees or persons of exceptional ability) or EB-3 (skilled workers, professionals and other workers). However, the labor certification process required by these categories can be quite tricky. Our new website article Laborious labor certifications: The complex world of PERM discusses the process.
August 2, 2016: Latest quarter’s expatriates; Global Entry interviews at US Embassy, London
The Internal Revenue Service has published its quarterly list of people who chose to renounce their US citizenship or long-term permanent resident (‘green card’) status during the quarter ending June 30, 2016. The list includes the names of 508 individuals (less than half as many as the previous quarter).
As we discussed in our Weekly Update of July 12, 2016, US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has begun accepting applications from all UK citizens for Global Entry, a Trusted Traveler Program which allows for expedited clearance of pre-approved, low-risk travelers. The US Embassy in London has now announced that it will host a 60-day CBP-run Global Entry enrollment event beginning on September 26, 2016. After being vetted by the UK Home Office and applying through the Global Online Enrollment System website, conditionally-approved Global Entry applicants can now register to attend the required CBP interview at the US Embassy in London.
July 26, 2016: Expanding CBP preclearance; Pokémon Go border issue
A New York Times article discusses the Department of Homeland Security’s drive to increase the number of Customs and Border Protection officers stationed at airports abroad as part of its preclearance operations. Preclearance stations, already found in 15 airports around the world, allow travellers to go through US immigration and customs procedures in the departure airport before boarding rather than upon arrival in the US. A precleared passenger may then disembark in the US airport as if from a domestic flight, avoiding the inspection queues and delays in the US that sometimes make it difficult to catch a connecting flight. In May 2015, DHS announced negotiations to increase the number of preclearance stations, but the current expansion efforts are said to be in response to recent terrorist attacks and are expected to reduce the risk of potential terrorists entering the US.
Last week, CBP reported that two juveniles inadvertently crossed the US-Canadian border illegally while playing Pokémon Go on their mobile phones. They were apprehended and reunited with their mother after CBP agents determined that the game had made them ‘unaware of their surroundings.’
July 19, 2016: Improvements for Americans abroad
The Department of State has announced a new initiative called ‘MissionOne’ which will expand and modernise services for US citizens living abroad. MissionOne’s objectives include enhancing the communication between US embassies and consulates and local Americans, expanding the emergency services offered at local posts, improving the security features of US passports and creating the option to renew US passports online.
July 12, 2016: Global Entry available to all Brits; Embassy documentary
As announced in the Federal Register, today US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) will begin accepting applications for Global Entry from all UK citizens. This programme is an automated entry system which allows registered ‘trusted travellers’ to skip immigration queues at designated ports of entry in the US and check themselves in at a kiosk. To register for Global Entry, British citizens must first be vetted by applying through the UK Home Office website, and if successful may then apply through the Global Online Enrollment System (GOES). For the last two years, only certain UK citizens who were invited by a British airline carrier, the US Embassy or CBP were eligible to apply for Global Entry, but all Brits are now welcome to apply without a specific invitation.
In anticipation of its move from Grosvenor Square to Nine Elms at the end of 2016, the US Embassy in London commissioned a 60-minute documentary to tell its story and discuss the Special Relationship between the US and the UK, so you can now enjoy a behind-the-scenes look at the Embassy!
July 5, 2016: Proposed request for social media details on ESTA
US Customs and Border Protection has published a proposal to add to ESTA an optional data field for traveller’s social media information, including provider/platform and individual identifier. It would also be added to the hard-copy I-94Ws which are still required at land border entrances. This additional data would be used for vetting purposes, to ‘provide DHS greater clarity and visibility to possible nefarious activity and connections.’ Although this is the first instance of social media details being collected straight from travellers on ESTA applications or I-94Ws, it is not new for DHS to analyse social media activity to identify threats, whether real or satirical. See our Weekly Update of April 26, 2016 for further information.
June 28, 2016: The US is open for business
The US Commercial Service at the Embassy in London wants British business owners to know that there is help available if they want to expand into the US. The programme is called SelectUSA and it is designed ‘to provide easy access to federal-level programs and services related to business investment.’
June 21, 2016: More changes to ESTA
US Customs and Border Protection continues to make changes to the online system for travel authorisation (ESTA) that is required for travel on the Visa Waiver Program. The latest changes will quiz applicants as to their travel to Libya, Somalia, and Yemen and will allow applicants to enter their Global Entry Program Numbers, if applicable.
June 14, 2016: Possible new visa legislation?
A recent Computerworld article reports that Democratic Representative Zoe Lofgren of California is preparing a draft bill entitled the ‘High-Skilled Integrity and Fairness Act of 2015’ that would, among other things, prioritise the allocation of H-1B visas based on wages and eliminate the per-country cap for employment-based immigrant visas. Among the other good provisions: H-1B visas, like the H-2B visas for temporary and seasonal employment, would be made available in two tranches during the year, rather than just once a year as is now the case. Rep. Lofgren, whose district includes large portions of California’s Silicon Valley, has not yet introduced the bill, so it remains for the moment only a theoretical help to the thousands of would-be H-1B visa holders and their employers.
June 7, 2016: Increased fees for some H-1B and L-1 petitions; H-1B lottery in question
The USCIS has published information to help H-1B and L-1 petitioners determine if they will be required to pay the recently-increased additional $4,000 fee or $4,500 fee, respectively. The requirement of the additional fee is based on the number and visa status of the petitioner’s employees in the US.
A class action complaint filed on June 2, 2016 against US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is challenging the use of a lottery to determine which H-1B petitions are adjudicated. The complaint calls USCIS’s computer-generated random selection (and rejection) process for H-1B petitions ‘arbitrary and capricious and not in accordance with the law.’
May 31, 2016: Be prepared for summer travel; new website article
Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has some suggestions for how to shorten your processing time in a US airport. Among them: US citizens and Canadian visitors entering through one of 12 US airports may now use a new mobile app to transmit their data to the CBP ahead of time.
We are adding an article to our website today, to assist non-British citizens who wish to apply for their US visas here in the UK. We hope that you will find answers to your queries in the article ‘Not British, but applying for a US visa in the UK?’
May 24, 2016: Mapping US immigration history
The “Immigration Daily” on www.ilw.com has published an interesting map graphic showing US immigration patterns covering almost 200 years. If you’re interested in moving to the US, take a look at our website pages about Nonimmigrant Visas and Immigrant Visas to see if any visa options might fit your circumstances. Our website articles offer more in-depth discussions of various visa types.
May 17, 2016: EB-5 issues
The EB-5 program, also known as ‘alien entrepreneur,’ ‘immigrant investor’ or ‘million-dollar green card,’ is a route to immigrant status in the US that is often criticized for being too vulnerable to fraud. A recent Government Accountability Office report discussed many areas of the program with fraud risks, and it recommended that the USCIS and DHS conduct more regular future risk assessments, develop a better strategy to expand information collection and increase data analysis to reliably report on economic benefits. While the report stated that DHS has implemented changes toward these improvements, the program continues to draw attention with fraudulent schemes and new questionable approaches; see New York Times articles Program That Lets Foreigners Write a Check, and Get a Visa, Draws Scrutiny, Fraud Charges Mar a Plan to Aid a Struggling Vermont Region, and Price for a Green Card: $500,000 Stadium Stake.
May 10, 2016: New scheduling process for immigrant visa interviews; latest quarter’s expatriates
The US Embassy, London has changed part of the procedure for applying for an immigrant visa. After you have scheduled your medical examination, submitted your DS-260 application form online, and submitted the Embassy’s online notification of readiness form, you will be notified to set up an account and schedule your Embassy interview. The online scheduling system also allows easy rescheduling. This is a vast improvement over the previous process of waiting for a letter with an interview date to arrive in the post, contacting the Embassy to request a reschedule and waiting for another letter to arrive in the post with a new interview date which could be just as inconvenient as the first.
The Internal Revenue Service has published its quarterly list of people who chose to renounce their US citizenship or long-term permanent resident (‘green card’) status during the quarter ending March 31, 2016: another high total of 1,158 individuals.
May 3, 2016: Nothing to report
As we have no news from the US immigration world to report, ‘Weekly Update’ will resume on May 10. Please check back with us then.
April 26, 2016: H-1B Premium Processing; social media effects on US immigration
The USCIS has announced that on May 12 it will commence adjudicating cap-subject H-1B petitions selected in the lottery and submitted with Premium Processing.
An article in the New York Times discusses how the US Department of Homeland Security, at Congress’s urging and in response to the San Bernardino, CA shooting, is working on using social media accounts to better identify ties to terrorist organizations. Examining the social media accounts of all visa applicants and those seeking asylum or refugee status in the United States is apparently underway although DHS may run into technical, logistical and language challenges throughout their analysis. This is not a new issue however; it harks back to the 2013 Channel 4 documentary ‘Don’t Blame Facebook’ in which our attorney Susan Willis McFadden was interviewed regarding the dangers of careless postings in cyberspace, including the case of two young Brits who were refused entry to the US in 2012 because one had Tweeted that he was going to ‘destroy America.’
April 19, 2016: Statistics on green cards and naturalizations; H-1B petition numbers
The Department of Homeland Security’s Office of Immigration Statistics has released Annual Flow Reports regarding people who became Lawful Permanent Residents and people who became US citizens in Fiscal Year 2014. A total of 1,016,518 persons were granted green card status in FY2014, mostly from Mexico (13 percent), India (7.7 percent) and China (7.5 percent). You can also see that a total of 653,416 persons naturalized in FY2014, mostly from Mexico (94,889), India (37,854), the Philippines (34,591) and China (30,284).
The USCIS has reported
receiving over 236,000 H-1B petitions, including those filed for the advanced degree exemption, during the five-day filing period that began on April 1. Thus, on April 9, they performed a ‘computer-generated random selection process, or lottery,’ to select enough petitions to meet the caps, and premium processing will begin no later than May 16, 2016. All petitions not selected in the lottery will be returned to the petitioners.
April 12, 2016: H-1B cap reached; reciprocity for visa-free travel
The USCIS has announced that since filing began on April 1 it has received a sufficient number of H-1B petitions to reach the statutory cap and the advanced degree exemption for fiscal year 2017. As a result, the USCIS will perform a lottery to randomly select petitions for adjudication. It will no longer accept H-1B petitions subject to the FY2017 cap, but it will continue to accept and process petitions that are otherwise exempt from the cap.
As reported in the New York Times, the European Union is pressuring the United States to add additional European countries, specifically Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Poland and Romania, to the list of countries whose nationals are eligible to travel to the US under the Visa Waiver Program. The European Commission will consider requiring US citizens to obtain visitor’s visas before traveling to Europe to urge the case for reciprocity.
April 5, 2016: B visa refusal rates; new site for AAO non-precedent decisions
The Department of State has released statistics on the refusal rates of B-1/B-2 visitor’s visas based on the applicant’s nationality during Fiscal Year 2015. Consular officers denied 20.41 percent of B visa applications for British citizens. The highest refusal rate was for citizens of the Federated States of Micronesia—85.71 percent.
The USCIS has updated the webpage for non-precedent decisions of the Administrative Appeals Office (AAO). The AAO reviews and adjudicates appeals filed by petitioners and applicants for certain categories of immigration status whose initial filings were denied, such as a Form I-129 for O-1 classification. The AAO’s non-precedent decisions from 2005 to present are now in a searchable database. See our website article How to Prove You’re an Alien of Extraordinary Ability to find out how AAO decisions can be useful in preparing your own case.
March 29, 2016: E-passports required for VWP travel; immigration statistics
From April 1, 2016, all visitors, including UK citizens, seeking to enter the US on the Visa Waiver Program/ESTA will require an electronic passport (‘e-passport’). Depending of their date of issuance, some machine-readable passports were previously accepted for travel on the VWP, but this will no longer be the case. The websites of the US Embassy in London and US Custom and Border Protection discuss this change; further information about e-passports can be found on this Department of Homeland Security webpage.
The Congressional Research Service report of March 14, 2016 contains a lot of interesting information on US immigration statistics and policy trends, such as the facts that immigration to the US has reached annual levels comparable to the early years of the 20th century and the total number of people in the US who were born abroad (outside the US) is the highest in US history.
March 22, 2016: H-1B filing dates; Senator Grassley’s H-1B concerns; new website article
Starting April 1, 2016, the USCIS will be accepting H-1B petitions subject to the fiscal year 2017 cap. If, as expected, more petitions are filed during the first five business days than can be accommodated under the annual quota of approximately 65,000, a lottery will be conducted among the petitions received to determine which petitions will be adjudicated. (An additional 20,000 H-1Bs are available to individuals with a US master’s degree or higher.) USCIS has also announced that it will begin adjudicating H-1B cap-subject petitions requesting premium processing no later than May 16, 2016. For more information on the H-1B caps and lotteries, check out our latest blog post.
Speaking of H-1Bs, Senator Charles Grassley of Iowa has publicly released his letter to the Judiciary Committee, dated February 26, 2016, discussing his concerns that the integrity of the H-1B is being threatened by new programs, such as that of the City University of New York, which would make some cap-exempt H-1Bs available for start-ups and entrepreneurs. See our Weekly Update of February 23, 2016 for more details.
With the increase in difficult Requests for Evidence and denials from the USCIS in response to L-1 petitions, and the relatively low chance of getting a cap-subject H-1B petition selected for adjudication, US companies who require foreign workers should think about an E-2 registration. Our new website article E-2 Visas: Better than L-1s? discusses some of the advantages of going the E route.
March 15, 2016: STEM OPT extension; work authorization for H-4 spouses; VWP update
On March 11, 2016, the Department of Homeland Security published in the Federal Register a new final rule amending the Optional Practical Training (OPT) program for international students in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields. The rule, which will go into effect on May 10, 2016, allows applicants to apply for an extension of their STEM OPT from the current 17 months to 24 months. It also solves the ‘cap gap’ problem for F-1 students (with timely-filed H-1B petitions) whose F-1 status and employment authorization would expire before they could take up H-1B status on October 1.
The USCIS has released FAQs regarding the additional applications accepted as of May 26, 2015 for employment authorization (Form I-765) for certain dependent spouses in the US in H-4 status if the principal H-1B visa holder is in the process of seeking employment-based lawful permanent resident status.
US Customs and Border Protection has compiled FAQs regarding the Visa Waiver Program Improvement and Terrorist Travel Prevention Act of 2015, offering an up-to-date summary of all the VWP/ESTA changes put into place since December 2015.
March 8, 2016: Known Employer Pilot; updated poverty guidelines
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has announced the March 3, 2016 launch of their ‘Known Employer Pilot Program’ to test a streamlined process for US employers seeking to hire foreign workers in certain visa categories, including H-1B, L-1A, L-1B, TN nonimmigrant classifications and EB-1-2 and EB-1-3 immigrant classifications. The pilot will allow employers (the first participants being Citigroup, Inc., Ernst & Young LLP, Kiewit Corporation, Schaeffler Group USA, Inc. and Siemens Corporation) to upload materials to an online Known Employer Document Library. Once the documents are verified, the employer would not be required to submit them anew with each individual visa petition. DHS plans to publicly announce the results of the pilot and, if it is successful, will seek to implement a permanent program open to all eligible employers.
DHS has released new poverty guidelines applicable to all I-864 Affidavits of Support filed on or after March 1, 2016. For additional information about the Affidavit of Support process please see our website articles A Beginner’s Guide to the Affidavit of Support and I-864 Affidavits of Support: The Problem of ‘Domicile’.
March 1, 2016: Updated ESTA form; EVUS enrollment for Chinese nationals; our new blog
US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has announced that a new version is now available online of the Electronic System for Travel Authorization (ESTA) form used by travellers to apply for visa-free travel to the US under the Visa Waiver Program. The updated form now includes questions addressing the travel eligibility requirements imposed by a recent change in US law. CBP suggests that the updated form will help them determine when to grant waivers allowing ESTA travel to people who have recently travelled to certain countries (including Iran, Iraq, Sudan, Syria, Libya, Somalia, and Yemen) for government-related, humanitarian or business purposes.
Beginning in November 2016, Chinese nationals travelling to the US on 10-year visitor visas (B-1/B-2, B-1 or B-2) will be required to enroll online with CBP’s Electronic Visa Update System (‘EVUS’) to keep their biographic information up to date. Travellers with visas already issued in their passports will be able to continue using those visas, but they will not be admitted to the US after November 2016 without first enrolling in EVUS (enrollments will generally last for two years or until passport expiry).
We are happy to announce a new blog section on our website! Please visit our Blog page for further insights and commentary on immigration news, policy and issues. Our first post discusses in more detail the class-action lawsuits filed against Disney for replacing US citizens with foreign workers on H-1B visas (as discussed in our Weekly Updates of June 9, 2015 and January 26, 2016). Check back with our blog regularly for additional thoughts about what’s happening in the world of US immigration.
February 23, 2016: More VWP changes; new H-1B opportunities for entrepreneurs
The Department of Homeland Security has announced that it has added three more countries to the list of countries that travellers must not have visited in the last five years if they wish to enter the US on the Visa Waiver Program/ESTA. Foreign nationals who have visited Iraq, Iran, Syria, the Sudan, Libya, Somalia or Yemen in the past five years can no longer enter the US without a visa even if otherwise eligible for VWP travel.
The New York Times has published an article discussing the City University of New York’s new visa program, the first of its kind, which would make some cap-exempt H-1Bs available for start-ups and entrepreneurs. A board of directors would serve as the necessary petitioning “employer” for H-1B status, and moreover the entrepreneurs would be exempt from the H-1B cap because they would be employed at a college for more than half their time in the US, collaborating with professors and students.
February 16, 2016: Renunciation of US citizenship
Following last week’s publication of the names of the latest quarter’s expatriates, BBC News has released an article discussing the woes of US persons living abroad that are contributing to high numbers of renunciations. These include a lack of congressional representation, an inability to bank with foreign institutions that do not wish to comply with the US Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA), and stringent requirements to report worldwide income which can lead to the possibility of double taxation. However, the recent increase in the renunciation fee (from $450 to $2,350) may convince some to reconsider giving up their US citizenship. If you would like more information about renouncing US citizenship, you may wish to look at our website articles US Citizenship—Having It, Getting It, Giving it Up, Giving Up US Citizenship: Is it Right for You? and Adiós, Uncle Sam: Renouncing US Citizenship.
February 9, 2016: Latest quarter’s expatriates; administrative processing in London
The Internal Revenue Service has published its quarterly list of people who chose to renounce their US citizenship or long-term permanent resident (‘green card’) status during the quarter ending December 31, 2015. Following the previous quarter’s 1,426 (the highest number of expatriates ever), this latest list included the names of 1,058 individuals.
As of December 14, 2015, the US Embassy in London no longer allows applicants to check online the status of their pending visa applications that have been denied under Section 221(g), also known as ‘administrative processing.’ Rather, the Embassy will contact applicants by email if more information is required or if the visa is ready to be issued. See the Embassy’s website for further details.
February 2, 2016: Embassy’s new website; scheduling visa appointments
The US Embassy in London has now launched its updated website with new organization and mobile-viewing features under the new web address https://uk.usembassy.gov.
The visa appointment scheduling website has posted an announcement for people who are no longer eligible for travel under the Visa Waiver Program/ESTA due to the recent changes discussed in last week’s Weekly Update. According to the scheduling website, affected travellers should apply for a nonimmigrant visa at least three months before their desired travel to the US. If applicants are unable to secure a visa appointment before their planned travel, they should follow the website’s instructions for requesting an expedited appointment.
January 26, 2016: Overstays in the US; Visa Waiver Program changes effective; lawsuits by US citizens who claim they were displaced by H-1B visa holders
The Department of Homeland Security has just released its FY2015 report of those persons who overstayed after entering the US on either the Visa Waiver Program/ESTA or on a visitor’s visa. Out of the 192 countries listed, the UK had the 9th lowest overstay rate, of just 0.43%.
The Visa Waiver Program changes reported in the December 15, 2015 Weekly Update are now in effect. It is possible that waivers from the bar on VWP/ESTA travel by persons who have travelled to Iraq, Iran, Syria or Sudan since March 1, 2011 may be available if the travel was for legitimate business reasons.
Now, a follow up on a story in our June 9, 2015 Weekly Update. The New York Times reports that two former Disney employees have filed suit against the company and two global consulting/recruitment firms, alleging that the three companies lied in obtaining H-1B visas for foreign citizens who then took the employees’ jobs. Class action status is being requested.
January 19, 2016: Changes to the US Embassy website
The US Embassy, London has announced on its visa blog that the consular pages of its website will soon receive a new look and some reorganisation. Once the redesign is launched, the visa blog will post guides and tips to help visitors use the updated website.
January 12, 2016: Brits facing VWP problems; immigrant visa statistics
Our attorney Susan McFadden was interviewed on today’s ‘Rip Off Britain’ programme on the BBC, Rip Off Britain: Holidays, which addressed issues that Britons face when going on holiday. In particular, Mrs. McFadden spoke about why people could be denied ESTA authorisation for travelling to the US on the Visa Waiver Program when they appear to meet all the eligibility requirements. This program is timely, considering the changes made effective to the Visa Waiver Program on December 18, 2015. Perhaps those changes affected another British family as reported in a Washington Post article of December 23, 2015; the family planned a trip to Disneyland, received ESTA authorisation and made it all the way to their departure gate in Gatwick airport before they were told that they were not eligible to travel to the US. See our Weekly Update of December 15, 2015 for a discussion of the VWP changes.
The Department of State has released statistics from the National Visa Center about the number and national origin of people waiting for immigrant visas in various family-sponsored and employment-based categories. These statistics do not include applications for permanent residence filed in the US by persons currently living there in non-immigrant status. As of November 1, 2015, a total of over 4.5 million people were on the waiting lists for immigrant visas.
January 5, 2016: Proposed small changes in employment-based immigration status
In 2015’s final issue of the Federal Register the Department of Homeland Security published a proposed rule that would make some small changes in the treatment of employment-based immigrant and non-immigrant visa holders. One welcome proposal would extend to holders of E-1, E-2, E-3, L-1 and TN visas the same 10-day grace period before and after visa validity that is currently granted to H-1B visa holders. The initial grace period would allow visa holders to make preparations in the US for beginning their employment, and the grace period after the validity ends would allow visa holders to either seek new employment, make preparations to change to another immigration status, or wind up their affairs before departing the US. In addition, holders of E-1, E-2, E-2, H-1B, L-1 and TN visas would be given a one-time grace period of up to 60 days after their employment ends. The grace periods would also apply to dependents. The proposed rule is open for public comment until February 29.
December 15, 2015: Forthcoming changes to the VWP; G&M festive season hours
As reported by CNN, the US House of Representatives passed legislation on December 8 that would decrease the number of people eligible to travel to the US on the Visa Waiver Program (VWP). Foreign nationals who have visited Iraq, Iran, Syria or the Sudan in the past five years will be prevented from entering the US without a visa even if otherwise eligible for VWP travel. In conjunction with President’s Obama’s expressed concerns (see last week’s Weekly Update), these new limitations on the VWP are said to be in response to the recent attacks in Paris and San Bernardino. According to the Guardian’s coverage of the subject, the legislation is considered likely to advance through the Senate and become law by the end of the year.
Our office will be closed for the holidays from December 24, reopening on January 4. While the office is closed, we will continue to answer urgent client e-mails. Other requests will be dealt with as soon as reasonably possible. “Weekly Update” will resume on the first Tuesday in January, so please check back with us then. We wish our readers a happy and healthy festive season.
December 8, 2015: USCIS statistics; reviews of K-1 visa program and VWP
To add to the data released about L-1B petitions last month, the USCIS has now published statistics for all forms received (totalling 7,650,475) and adjudicated during Fiscal Year 2015.
A story from Reuters reports that President Obama has asked the Department of Homeland Security and the State Department to review the K-1 fiancé visa program. This request was made as part of the President’s response to the mass shooting which took place in San Bernardino, California on Wednesday, December 2, committed by a US citizen and his foreign-born wife who had entered the US on a K-1 visa. The article also mentions that border officials have been screening Visa Waiver Program travellers more closely since the terrorist attacks in Paris on November 13.
December 1, 2015: Online civics practice
Are you preparing for your naturalization interview in the US? The US Citizenship and Immigration Services has provided practice civics tests in both English and Spanish on their website. Although the online practice tests are multiple choice, applicants at the naturalization interview will be asked ten questions aloud. A passing grade is six or more questions answered correctly.
November 24, 2015: Updated Foreign Affairs Manual; L-1B statistics
FAM-e, the new electronic version of the Department of State’s updated Foreign Affairs Manual and associated handbooks, is now available online at https://fam.state.gov/. FAM-e has a useful search function and contains updated language and a new organization and citation system, including the reorganization of Volume 9 (containing guidance on US visa matters) into six sections.
The US Citizenship and Immigration Services has published data on the number of L-1B petitions filed, approved and denied in Fiscal Year 2015. The USCIS denied about 25 percent of the petitions filed during FY 2015. Perhaps the release of the USCIS’s updated policy memorandum led to a decrease in the number of denials, as compared to the 35 percent denial rate in FY 2014, but it continues to be dishearteningly high when compared to the 6 percent denial rate in FY 2006 (see the National Foundation for American Policy’s report).
November 17, 2015: Green card lottery closed; H-1B issues
The application period for the FY2017 Diversity Visa ‘green card lottery’ is now closed. Applicants should heed the Fraud Warnings on the DOS website and be aware that they will find out if their entry was selected only by returning to the DV Entrant Status Check from May 3, 2016.
The New York Times has published another article regarding how difficult it is for US start-ups to compete with large outsourcing companies in securing H-1B classification for specialist foreign workers. Approximately 32% of all cap-subject H-1B petitions received by the USCIS in 2014 were filed by one of five companies who supply workers/consultants to US companies on an outsourced basis. These massive filings make it unlikely that small companies filing only one or two petitions will have a petition chosen for adjudication. (Ironically, the chief executive and president of the Times is a UK citizen and H-1B visa holder.)
November 10, 2015: New 9 FAM-e; updated information for new immigrants
The Visa Bulletin for December 2015 includes confirmation that the Department of State’s Foreign Affairs Manual Volume 9, which contains all guidance on US visa matters (‘9 FAM’), will be replaced by the new electronic version ‘9 FAM-e’ as of November 18, 2015. While the content of the guidance will not change, 9 FAM-e will include updated language and a new organization and citation system.
The USCIS has updated its Welcome Guide for New Immigrants, to include revised general information on policies, programs and resources, and new sections about personal finance, taxes and financial scams and about the US education system, adult education programs and the health insurance marketplace. This is a helpful resource for people who have been granted Lawful Permanent Resident (‘green card’) status.
November 3, 2015: Global Entry for British citizens
As announced on the US Embassy in London’s website, US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has today expanded its Global Entry programme to qualifying UK citizens. This programme is an automated entry system which allows registered ‘trusted travellers’ to skip immigration queues at designated ports of entry in the US and check themselves in at a kiosk. To register for Global Entry, British citizens must first be vetted by applying through the UK Home Office website, and if successful may then apply through the Global Online Enrollment System (GOES). CBP’s plans to make Global Entry available to all Brits meeting the requirements were reported over two years ago, as discussed in our Weekly Update of August 13, 2013.
October 27, 2015: Latest quarter’s expatriates
The Internal Revenue Service has published its quarterly list of people who chose to renounce their US citizenship or long-term permanent resident (‘green card’) status during the quarter ending September 30, 2015. It included the names of 1,426 individuals. This is the highest number of expatriates per quarter ever, surpassing the previous high of 1,335 people who expatriated during the first quarter of 2015 (Bloomberg News).
October 20, 2015: Possible extension of employment authorisation for students; more DV information
In the October 19 Federal Register, the Department of Homeland Security published for public comment a proposed rule that would extend by 24 months the employment authorisation for some F-1 students who have earned degrees in STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) courses. The proposed rule would also solve the ‘cap gap’ problem for F-1 students whose F-1 status and employment authorisation would expire before they could take up H-1B status on October 1. The proposed rule would replace an interim rule from 2008 that was struck down on August 12, 2015 by a federal court on procedural grounds.
The US Embassy in London’s visa blog has posted further information about applying for the ‘green card lottery’ along with a warning to applicants to enter their own information only at dvlottery.state.gov and not rely on other people or agencies to do so on their behalf. They have also provided a slideshow presentation with more details.
October 13, 2015: Green card lottery update
In today’s Federal Register, the Department of State confirms the entry period and instructions for the Diversity Visa ‘green card lottery’ for 2017. It urges applicants not to wait until the last week of the registration period to submit their applications because website delays can occur if too many people try to enter at the same time.
October 6, 2015: Green card lottery; consular systems upgrade
The application period for the FY2017 Diversity Visa ‘green card lottery’ opened on Thursday, October 1, 2015 and will end on Tuesday, November 3, 2015 at 12:00 noon (Eastern Standard Time). Applicants should read the instructions provided and heed the Fraud Warnings on the Department of State website, ensuring to check their application’s status online through the DV Entrant Status Check. From May 3, 2016, applicants will be able to find out if their entry has been selected in the DV program. For some additional information about the DV lottery, you may wish to look at our article Do You Feel Lucky? US Government Now Accepting Applications for the Green Card Lottery.
All US embassies and consulates will be closed to the public this Friday, October 9, 2015 to allow for an upgrade of the Department of State’s consular systems. If you had previously scheduled a consular interview on October 9, be sure to check if you have been contacted to reschedule the appointment. Those submitting visa applications after October 9 should be aware that delays in processing may occur due to the systems upgrade.
September 29, 2015: USCIS field offices
US Citizenship and Immigration Services has created new web pages for their international offices, containing helpful information about what services are provided at each office, instructions for filing applications, contact details and opening times. Information regarding the London field office can be found here.
September 22, 2015: Senator Grassley’s concerns about L-1B policy memo
Senator Charles Grassley of Iowa has publicly released his letter of September 15, 2015 to the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (“USCIS”), setting out his concerns with the updated L-1B policy memorandum that came into effect on August 31, 2015. Having previously written to the USCIS to urge the agency not to make L-1B classification any easier to obtain (see our Weekly Update of March 13, 2012), Senator Grassley now writes to question the advisability of USCIS using the new policy memo to increase L-1B approvals, leading to the possibility of foreign workers displacing US citizens from their jobs.
September 15, 2015: Updated ESTA website
Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) announced the launch of a new version of the website for Electronic System for Travel Authorization (“ESTA”), which allows travellers from 38 countries to apply for authorization to travel to the US under the Visa Waiver Program—that is, without a visa. CBP hopes that the more mobile-friendly design, easier access to frequently asked questions, and increased availability to translations will make the ESTA application process simpler for visitors.
September 8, 2015: Loss of nationality fee change
Effective November 9, 2015, a $2,350 fee (“Administrative Processing of Request for Certificate of Loss of Nationality fee”) will be required by the US Department of State of all individuals seeking documentation of their loss of US citizenship. Currently, this fee is payable only by US citizens renouncing their citizenship before a consular officer. However, in today’s Federal Register DOS gave notice that it will expand the fee requirement to include those persons who are merely documenting before a consular officer the fact that they previously committed a potentially expatriating act with the intention of relinquishing their citizenship.
September 1, 2015: Preclearance news; immigrant fee payment
Further to our Weekly Update of June 2, 2015, the US Customs and Border Protection has published an article with more information about the expanded preclearance procedures and the additional preclearance stations planned for ten airports around the world, including London Heathrow and Manchester airports. The article discusses how these updates will affect passengers, airports and airlines.
The USCIS has announced it is making it easier to pay online the $165 immigrant fee, required of people immigrating to the United States as lawful permanent residents. The new payment process will require less information and will allow someone else to pay the fee on behalf of the new immigrant. Further information about paying the immigrant fee can be found on the USCIS Electronic Immigration System.
August 25, 2015: E-filing USCIS forms; updated L-1B guidance
The USCIS has announced that it is discontinuing its legacy e-Filing system for the online filing of Forms I-131, I-140, I-765, I-821 and I-907. All forms in the current system must be completed and submitted by September 20, 2015, after which paper versions must be used until the forms are made available on the USCIS’ new “Electronic Immigration System,” which is meant to be faster, more secure and easier to upgrade and update.
Previously released for public feedback, the USCIS has finalized its updated policy memorandum on the L-1B nonimmigrant visa classification, clarifying for USCIS officers how L-1B petitioners may demonstrate the specialized knowledge of an employee being sponsored for the visa. The memorandum will go into effect on August 31, 2015. We will wait to see how the new guidance influences the notoriously stringent adjudication of these petitions.
August 18, 2015: US government in Cuba
In accordance with the announcement on July 1 that the US and Cuba would re-establish diplomatic relations, the US Embassy in Havana was officially reopened on July 20, 2015. In time for Secretary of State John Kerry’s Havana visit on August 14, 2015 for the flag-raising ceremony, the Department of State has updated its list of USCIS offices to show a USCIS field office in the newly reopened Embassy.
August 11, 2015: New security requirements for VWP
The US Secretary of Homeland Security, Jeh C. Johnson, announced last week that new security criteria have been added to the Visa Waiver Program (VWP) in an effort to find out more about the people traveling to the United States visa-free. These changes include requiring e-passports for all VWP travelers entering the US; mandating that VWP countries screen travelers using the INTERPOL Lost and Stolen Passport Database; and requiring that VWP countries’ governments consent to increased use of US federal air marshals on flights from VWP countries to the US. An article in the New York Times suggests these changes are designed to combat a perceived threat from people from VWP countries who have gone to Syria and Iraq to train with Islamic State and other groups.
August 4, 2015: Latest quarter’s expatriates; immigration discussions with Bono
The Internal Revenue Service has published its quarterly list of people who chose to renounce their US citizenship or long-term permanent resident (‘green card’) status during the quarter ending June 30, 2015. It included the names of only 460 individuals. This is the lowest number of expatriates per quarter since 2012—quite a turnaround from the first quarter of 2015 which saw the highest number of expatriates ever, according to Bloomberg News.
In an interview with The Irish Times, U2’s Bono paid tribute to the young people involved in last month’s collapse of an apartment balcony in Berkeley, California. He spoke of the long tradition of Irish visitors and emigration to the US, including the opportunities available through the J-1 visa program, and of the challenges posed to immigrants by the current political climate. The interview took place after Bono and Yoko Ono unveiled a tapestry on Ellis Island marking the 40th anniversary of John Lennon’s securing permanent residence in the US.
July 28, 2015: Biometric collection upon exiting the US; renunciations in Edinburgh
US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has begun using a mobile hand-held device to collect biometric data from foreign nationals exiting the US at Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport. CBP officers will compare the collected data to the travellers’ information taken upon entry to the US. The testing phase of the project will expand in the autumn to Chicago, Dallas, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, Newark, New York, San Francisco, and Washington-Dulles.
The US Consulate General in Edinburgh will now accept and act on applications for the renunciation of US citizenship. Previously, the US Embassy in London was the only place in the UK where renunciations could be accomplished. Please see the Consulate General’s website for more information.
July 21, 2015: A pause in the service
This being the summer holidays, your correspondent is travelling again. Please check back next Tuesday for a resumption of Weekly Update.
July 14, 2015: SEC cracks down on EB-5 scheme; Premium Processing again available for H-1B petitions
The Securities and Exchange Commission filed suit on July 6, 2015 against persons who allegedly targeted Chinese investors for a multi-million dollar fraud. The defendant company, which it was claimed held massive oil and gas reserves, was marketed as a route to lawful permanent residence through the EB-5 Immigrant Investor program. The press release contains links to the Complaint filed in federal court in San Francisco, as well as to EB-5 ‘Investor Alert’ notices in both English and Chinese.
Extension of stay H-1B petitions are now again eligible for Premium Processing Service, as announced yesterday by the US Citizenship and Immigration Services. PPS had been temporarily suspended as to those H-1B petitions while the USCIS geared up to process employment authorization document (work permit) applications filed by certain dependent H-4 spouses. For details, see our Weekly Update entry of May 26.
July 7, 2015: A pause in the service
Your correspondent is travelling. Please check back next Tuesday for a resumption of Weekly Update.
June 30, 2015: DOS technical issues resolved
The Department of State announced yesterday that all visa-issuing US embassies and consulates are now back online, scheduling visa interviews and issuing visas. In fact, DOS reported that 410,000 nonimmigrant visas were issued between June 21st and June 29th alone in efforts to clear the backlog caused by the worldwide technical issues. The US Embassy in London has updated its visa blog, confirming the good news that nonimmigrant and immigrant visas, as well as US passports, are once again being issued, but applicants should continue to expect slight delays in processing.
June 23, 2015: Department of State IT woes continue
The most pressing topic in US immigration continues to be the inability of most US embassies and consulates around the world to either (1) evaluate DS-160 online visa application forms submitted on or after June 9 or (2) print visas that were approved after June 8. However, Department of State’s Bureau of Consular Affairs reports that as of noon yesterday a total of 22 visa posts had been reconnected to the database required for visa approval and issuance. The situation at the Embassy in London can be monitored on its Visa Affairs webpage.
June 16, 2015: Kerry v Din decision; Department of State technical issues
The Supreme Court of the United States yesterday decided the case of Kerry v Din, noted in our Weekly Update entry of October 14, 2014. The plurality opinion, in which three Justices joined, held that the US citizen plaintiff had no constitutionally-protected ‘liberty interest’ in being able to live in the United States with her husband, a foreign national for whom she had filed an immigrant petition. In the absence of such a constitutional right it was not necessary to decide whether the explanation she had been given for the denial of his immigrant visa application satisfied the Due Process clause of the Constitution. Two additional justices concurred in the result, but found that she had been afforded due process and so there was no need to decide whether such a liberty interest existed. The dissenting opinion, which four Justices joined, would have found both a protected liberty interest and an unconstitutional lack of due process. Additional interesting and accessible commentary can be found in the Supreme Court’s blog.
On June 12, 2015 the Department of State announced that the Bureau of Consular Affairs is currently experiencing technical problems with its overseas passport and visa systems, worldwide. Due to technical difficulties in the systems performing required national security checks before issuing visas, visa applicants will experience a delay in processing as DOS works to resolve the problem and clear the backlog of visas waiting to be processed. Additionally, some visa interviews may need to be rescheduled, in particular those from June 14 to 20 for applicants whose DS-160 visa application forms were submitted on or after June 9, as instructed on the Visa Appointment Service. Applicants are advised to check the Embassy’s visa page for updates on the situation.
June 9, 2015: H-1B visa holders replacing US workers; data on L-1B petitions
As reported in the New York Times, as of January 30 of this year Walt Disney World in Orlando laid off about 250 of its IT employees. Most were replaced by non-US citizens holding H-1B visas (nonimmigrant visas for highly skilled workers in specialty occupations), employed by an Indian outsourcing firm. Not only did the American employees lose their jobs, but they were required to train their replacements before leaving their positions. Although 120 of those laid off found new jobs at Disney and about 40 retired, the high-profile story has reignited debate on the H-1B visa program and its effect on US workers.
The US Citizenship and Immigration Services has published data on the number of L-1B petitions so far filed, approved and denied in Fiscal Year 2015. As of March 31, almost 30 percent of petitions filed during FY 2015 were denied. This corresponds with the National Foundation for American Policy’s report, to which we referred in our update of March 24, 2015, finding that 35 percent of L-1B petitions filed with the USCIS in FY 2014 were denied, compared to only 6 percent in FY 2006. It remains to be seen how the USCIS’ updated policy memorandum will affect these statistics.
June 2, 2015: New CBP preclearance locations
On May 29, the US Department of Homeland Security announced that it intends to begin negotiations to expand air preclearance operations to ten additional airports outside the US, including London Heathrow and Manchester here in the UK. Preclearance stations, already found in 15 airports around the world, allow travellers to go through US immigration and customs procedures in the departure airport before boarding rather than upon arrival in the US. A precleared passenger may then disembark in the US airport as if from a domestic flight, avoiding the inspection queues and delays in the US that sometimes make it difficult to catch a connecting flight. The negotiations for preclearance also include airports in Belgium, the Dominican Republic, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden and Turkey. According to the press release, in 2014 nearly 20 million passengers travelled to the US from the ten airports proposed for new preclearance operations.
May 26, 2015: Employment authorization updates; premium processing
As of today, May 26, 2015, the USCIS began accepting applications for employment authorization (Form I-765) for certain dependent spouses in the US in H-4 status if the principal H-1B visa holder is in the process of seeking employment-based lawful permanent resident status. However, this change is coming into effect during a time of lengthy delays in the processing of employment authorization applications; the USCIS has not been adjudicating Form I-765s within the fixed time period of 90 days nor issuing interim employment authorization, as required by regulation. In fact, on May 22, 2015, a class action lawsuit was filed against the USCIS and the Department of Homeland Security for these unlawful delays in adjudicating Form I-765s for qualifying nonimmigrant visa holders.
Even if the addition of employment authorization for certain H-4 spouses does not increase USCIS delays in adjudicating I-765s, it will at least affect the USCIS adjudication of some H-1B petitions. The USCIS has announced that it will temporarily suspend premium processing for all I-129 petitions for the extension of H-1B status filed between May 26, 2015 and July 27, 2015 in an effort to implement the new H-4 final rule in a timely manner.
May 19, 2015: Nothing to report
As we have no news from the US immigration world to report, ‘Weekly Update’ will resume on May 26. Until then, we wish our readers a happy and healthy US Memorial Day and UK Bank Holiday weekend.
May 12, 2015: Latest quarter’s renunciations
The Internal Revenue Service has published its quarterly list of people who chose to renounce their US citizenship or long-term permanent resident (‘green card’) status during the first quarter of 2015. The list identifies 1,335 individuals—the highest number ever, according to Bloomberg News. The Bloomberg article reports the widely-held belief that the increase in expatriations is due to increasingly stringent tax and regulatory requirements imposed upon US citizens living abroad, of which FATCA (the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act) is the most recent.
May 5, 2015: No more extra pages for US passports
The US Department of State has announced in the Federal Register a proposal to discontinue as of January 1, 2016 the service of adding additional pages to US passports. The stated reason is that once the “Next Generation Passport” is introduced on that date, adding pages to those passports could compromise the effectiveness of the new security features. As of January 1, US passport applicants will be able to choose between a 28-page or 50-page passport at the same fee; those who apply from abroad will automatically be issued the 50-page format.
April 28, 2015: Embassy webchat; US doctors for USCIS-required medical examinations
The US Embassy in London will hold another webchat tomorrow, April 29 from midday to 1pm on the subject of immigrant and nonimmigrant visas.
The United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has released an updated Find a Doctor locator to help green card applicants find local doctors in the US who are authorized to perform the medical examinations necessary to the application process.
April 21, 2015: US Cluster Mapping Tool; Immigrant Visa Unit update
As part of the SelectUSA Initiative, the US Embassy in London has recommended that people looking for business or investment opportunities in the use the US Cluster Mapping Tool, created by the Harvard Business School and the US Economic Development Administration. Doing so will apparently help potential investors or businesspeople identify industry-specific regional clusters and make informed investment decisions.
We have been informed by the Immigrant Visa Unit at the US Embassy in London that during the months of May and June immigrant visa appointments will be scheduled for the afternoons, rather than the mornings as is their normal practice. Persons previously scheduled for morning appointments in May are being contacted and told of the change. Anyone needing a morning appointment will have to wait until July or later.
April 14, 2015: H-1B lottery
The USCIS has now performed a lottery to randomly select petitions for adjudication from the nearly 233,000 H-1B petitions received during the filing period. The petitions that are not selected in the lottery will be rejected and returned with their filing fees. According to its announcement of March 12, 2015, the USCIS will begin adjudicating H-1B cap-subject petitions requesting premium processing no later than May 11, 2015.
April 7, 2015: FY2016 H-1B cap filled
The United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has announced that since filing began on April 1 it has received a sufficient number of H-1B petitions to reach the statutory cap for fiscal year 2016. As a result, the USCIS will perform a lottery to randomly select petitions for adjudication. It will no longer accept H-1B petitions subject to the FY2016 cap, but it will continue to accept and process petitions that are exempt from the cap.
March 31, 2015: L-1B policy memo; H-1B statistics for FY2014
The US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has now released its promised updated policy memorandum on the L-1B nonimmigrant visa classification, clarifying for USCIS officers how L-1B petitioners may demonstrate the specialized knowledge of an employee. The memorandum will be posted online for a 45-day public feedback period and will then go into effect on August 31, 2015.
In advance of tomorrow’s start of the H-1B filing season for petitions subject to the fiscal year 2016 cap, the USCIS has released a report on H-1B petitions filed and/or approved in fiscal year 2014.
March 24, 2015: L-1B denials and policy guidance; no more technical issues
The National Foundation for American Policy has released a report on the high rate of USCIS denials of L-1B petitions for transferring employees with specialized knowledge to the United States. Fully 35 percent of L-1B petitions filed with the USCIS in FY 2014 were denied, compared to only 6 percent in FY 2006. Another discouraging finding of the report was that petitions seeking to extend the L-1B classification already held by an individual were denied by the USCIS at a higher rate than initial L-1B petitions, so someone who had already been found to hold specialized knowledge required to fill a US role could suddenly be told that he actually no longer fills those requirements. These disheartening facts show how desperately needed is the L-1B policy guidance from the USCIS promised by the White House as part of the SelectUSA Initiative.
The Department of State and the US Embassy in London have taken down their warnings about technical issues causing delays in email correspondence and visa issuance.
March 17, 2015: H-1B filing season; Department of State technical issues; new website article
Starting April 1, 2015, the USCIS will be accepting H-1B petitions subject to the fiscal year 2016 cap. If, as expected, more petitions are filed during the first five business days than can be accommodated under the annual quota of approximately 65,000, a lottery will be conducted among the petitions received to determine which petitions will be adjudicated. (The first 20,000 petitions filed on behalf of individuals with a US master’s degree or higher are exempt from the cap.) Last year, the USCIS received approximately 172,500 petitions during the first week of filing. USCIS has also announced that it will begin adjudicating H-1B cap-subject petitions requesting premium processing no later than May 11, 2015.
As seen on the US visa appointment scheduling website, the Department of State, including US embassies and consulates around the world, is currently experiencing technical difficulties due to system maintenance. Visa applicants should be aware that these issues may cause delays in visa processing and issuance as well as e-mail correspondence with consular posts. The US Embassy in London confirmed this by reposting its November 17, 2014 entry on its blog to give notice that it is currently unable to send or receive e-mail.
We have added a new article to our website: Promising Progress for Immigrant Entrepreneurs and Start-ups. It discusses some of the difficulties facing entrepreneurs who would like to be able to get visas to live and work in the United States, and how their lot may be changing for the better. We hope you will find it informative.
March 10, 2015: Updated poverty guidelines; medical instructions
The Department of Homeland Security has released new poverty guidelines applicable to all I-864 Affidavits of Support filed on or after March 1, 2015. For additional information about the Affidavit of Support process please see our website articles A Beginner’s Guide to the Affidavit of Support and I-864 Affidavits of Support: The Problem of ‘Domicile’.
The US Embassy in London has updated its online instructions for immigrant visa applicants’ medical examinations. Its instructional leaflet was also recently updated, but applicants should refer to the website stating that four photographs will now be required for the medical rather than only one as shown in the leaflet.
March 3, 2015: US employment for some H-4 spouses
Effective May 26, 2015, some H-4 visa holders will have the opportunity to apply for employment authorization in the US. As announced by the USCIS last week, to be eligible, the dependent H-4 must be married to an H-1B visa holder who either 1) is the principal beneficiary of an approved I-140 Immigrant Petition for Alien Worker or 2) has been granted an extension of H-1B status under a provision of US immigration law which allows H-1B nonimmigrants seeking lawful permanent residence to work and remain in the United States beyond the usual six-year limit. The USCIS estimates that up to 179,600 individuals will be eligible to apply for employment authorization under this rule in the first year and 55,000 annually in subsequent years.
February 24, 2015: Embassy webchat; Supreme Court case on immigrant visa denials and consular nonreviewability
The Embassy will hold another webchat tomorrow, February 24 from midday to 1pm on the subject of immigrant and nonimmigrant visas.
As we first mentioned in our update of October 14, 2014, the Supreme Court of the United States granted review in Kerry v. Din. That case, arising from the denial of an immigrant visa to the husband of a US citizen, challenges the general doctrine disallowing judicial review of consular decisions. Yesterday the Supreme Court heard oral arguments. For an analysis of the arguments, see today’s post on the Supreme Court’s blog.
February 17, 2015: Giving up US citizenship
According to BBC News, London’s mayor Boris Johnson, dual US and UK citizen, has announced that he intends to give up his US citizenship due to the fact that his “commitment is, and always has been, to Britain." In making this decision, he does not reference his necessity to pay US taxes, such as the outstanding US capital gains tax bill he reportedly settled recently (see our updates of November 25, 2014 and January 27, 2015). Mayor Johnson is not alone in considering expatriation as evidenced by the Internal Revenue Service’s lengthy quarterly list of people who chose to renounce their US citizenship or long-term permanent resident (‘green card’) status during 2014’s final quarter. It included the names of 1,062 individuals—the second highest number of expatriates per quarter in the last seven years.
February 10, 2015: FAM updates; visa appointments in Canada; myUSCIS website
The Department of State has updated the section of the Foreign Affairs Manual regarding medical ineligibilities for both nonimmigrant and immigrant visas. Among other changes, 9 FAM 40.11 N now specifies that people who have had mental health problems with associated harmful behaviour are not ineligible for a visa if a year has passed without any harmful behaviour related to their mental health disorder.
The US consulates in Canada have upgraded their online system for scheduling visa appointments. The new system came on line on February 1, 2015 and offers the most up-to-date availability of appointments. Petition-based visa holders in the US looking to renew their visas in Canada should be aware that wait times for appointments will vary significantly by post and by season.
US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is developing a new website to help people get immigration information, identify their immigration options and find the right forms. The new “myUSCIS” at https://my.uscis.gov/ will roll out in phases, starting this month. The goal is to provide a convenient source for trusted immigration information that can be used anytime, anywhere and on any device.
February 3, 2015: Busy visa application season
If you need a visa to travel to the US for holiday this summer, you should consider applying as soon as possible. As the Embassy posted on their visa blog, the summer months saw many visa applications last year, and the same is expected for 2015.
January 27, 2015: Boris Johnson’s US taxes
As a conclusion to the story of Boris Johnson’s current US tax issues (see our update from November 25, 2014), the Mayor of London, a citizen of the United States, has reportedly now settled the US tax bill which he was refusing to pay last year. We wish Mayor Johnson a happy trip to the US next month.
January 20, 2015: Embassy webchat
The Embassy will hold another webchat tomorrow, January 21 from midday to 1pm on the subject of immigrant and nonimmigrant visas.
January 13, 2015: Updates for land border crossings
The US Customs and Border Protection has released a free “Border Wait Time” app for travellers crossing into the US by land. Directions to the closest land ports of entry, estimated wait times and open lane status for pedestrians, passengers and commercial vehicles will be available with the app. People who are admitted to the US at a land port of entry and receive a paper I-94 Arrival Record should also be aware of the new address for returning I-94s which were not handed in upon next leaving the US.
January 6, 2015: Warning of EB-5 scams
The US Securities and Exchange Commission and the USCIS have jointly issued an ‘Investor Alert’ to persons interested in obtaining lawful permanent resident status through the EB-5 immigrant investor programme. After describing some recent enforcement actions taken against EB-5 programme organisers the agencies list investigative steps that should be taken by every would-be EB-5 participant.
December 23, 2014: A pause in the service
Your correspondent is celebrating the holidays. “Weekly Update” will resume on the first Tuesday in January. Please check back with us then.
December 16, 2014: Two court cases to watch
A Washington State-based labor union representing workers in the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) has been granted permission to pursue a lawsuit against the Department of Homeland Security and challenge a 2008 interim final rule that expanded work authorization for foreign students studying in STEM fields. The federal district (trial) court held that the union could challenge the 17-month extension of optional practical training (OPT) work authorization for STEM students on the grounds that the union’s members suffered greater competition for jobs than would have been the case without the extension. Given that extending OPT for all students is one of the aims of the executive action announced by President Obama and the Department of Homeland Security on November 20, this issue will recur as the agency tries to balance the needs of students and those of US workers.
As reported in our October 14 Weekly Update entry, the Supreme Court of the United States will consider during its current term a case raising the question whether a US citizen’s constitutionally-protected interest in marriage entitles her to bring a lawsuit in federal court to force the Department of State to provide a ‘facially legitimate and bona fide’ reason for its decision to deny her husband an immigrant visa. The Department of State, which sought review of the decision in the lower court, has now filed its opening brief, which can be found here.
December 9, 2014: Renouncing US citizenship; G&M festive season hours
As comment continues on Mayor of London Boris Johnson’s refusal to pay his US tax bill, an opinion piece in the New York Times on Sunday discussed the columnist’s own reasons for giving up his US citizenship. He particularly focused on the IRS’s strict, confusing and, some would say, unfair financial reporting and tax filing requirements of US citizens who live abroad. If you are considering renouncing your US citizenship, you may wish to look at our website articles US Citizenship—Having It, Getting It, Giving it Up, Giving Up US Citizenship: Is it Right for You? and Adiós, Uncle Sam: Renouncing US Citizenship.
Our office will be closed from December 24 through January 1, inclusive. While the office is closed, we will continue to answer urgent client e-mails. Other requests will be dealt with as soon as reasonably possible. We wish our readers a happy and healthy festive season.
December 2, 2014: USCIS statistics
The US Citizenship and Immigration Services has released its latest performance statistics for fiscal year 2014.
November 25, 2014: Boris Johnson’s issues with US taxes; changes to US immigration enforcement system
Dual UK and US national Boris Johnson, Mayor of London, became the subject of much press, inspiring articles in The Telegraph, The Guardian, Financial Times and The Evening Standard, when he admitted to National Public Radio that he is refusing to pay capital gains tax required by US authorities for the profit gained from the sale of his UK property. US citizens, wherever they live in the world, are required to file tax returns, report worldwide income and pay US taxes when necessary. Our website articles Adiós, Uncle Sam: Renouncing US Citizenship and Giving Up US Citizenship: Is it Right for You? discuss how some of these requirements can lead people to consider giving up their US citizenship. Mayor Johnson’s refusal to submit to US tax law has also added a new spin to his efforts to make the US Embassy pay its London congestion charge fines, reportedly totaling over £7 million.
On November 20, President Obama announced his planned changes to the country’s immigration enforcement system. A key part of the overhaul includes a new program for unauthorized immigrants with US-citizen children, about four million people, to gain a new legal status that would defer their deportations and allow them to work legally.
November 18, 2014: Embassy e-mail and payment issues; overhaul of US immigration enforcement system; K-1 and immigrant visa documents
The London Embassy is currently experiencing problems with their e-mail and payment systems. Persons needing to pay for services at the Embassy should bring cash (US dollars or the sterling equivalent). These issues may be related to a reported breach by hackers of the State Department’s computer system.
According to the New York Times President Obama is planning to announce before the end of this year plans to overhaul the United States’ immigration enforcement system. Changes may include opening more opportunities for illegal immigrants who are parents of US citizens, expanding immigration benefits for legal non-immigrants with high-tech skills and revamping a controversial immigration enforcement program called Secure Communities, which prioritizes the removal of criminal aliens, those who pose a threat to public safety and repeat immigration violators. We look forward with interest to the eventual announcement.
The National Visa Center no longer requires original documents (other than the original signed Affidavit of Support) for processing immigrant visa applications. The Embassy has thus released a new checklist setting out the documents required on the day of the consular interview for K-1 and immigrant visa processing.
November 11, 2014: US visas for Chinese nationals
The White House Press Office has announced that starting tomorrow, November 12, 2014, qualifying Chinese nationals will be issued tourist and business visas valid for up to ten years—the longest validity possible under US immigration law—and student and exchange visas valid for up to five years. Currently, B-1/B-2 visitor visas for Chinese citizens are valid for only one year. Under the new reciprocal agreement, Americans should also be given the same validity length for these types of visas for visiting or studying in China.
November 4, 2014 – New ESTA; green card lottery closed
Yesterday US Customs and Border Protection posted a new ESTA form that must be used, effective immediately, by all persons seeking authorisation to travel to the US on the Visa Waiver Program. The brief press release announcing the changes did not specify whether existing ESTA authorisations would continue to be honoured, but the posted list of FAQs states that persons with current, valid ESTA authorisations do not need to reapply. Although the CBP statement refers only to ‘additional data fields of information’ now required on the ESTA form, such as contact information, parents’ names and employment details, careful readers will see that the crucial eligibility questions have also been rewritten and augmented.
The application period for the FY2016 Diversity Visa ‘green card lottery’ is now closed. Applicants should heed the Fraud Warnings on the DOS website and be aware that they will find out if their entry was selected only by returning to the DV Entrant Status Check from May 5, 2015.
October 28, 2014: Green card lottery closing; Embassy webchat; latest quarter’s expatriates
The application period for the FY2016 Diversity Visa ‘green card lottery’ will end on Monday, November 3, 2014 at 12:00 noon (Eastern Standard Time). From May 5, 2015, applicants will be able to find out if their entry has been selected in the DV program by returning to www.dvlottery.state.gov.
The Embassy will hold another webchat tomorrow, October 29 from noon to 1pm on the subject of immigrant and nonimmigrant visas. Following the link will also allow you to check out the new name and look of the US Embassy, London’s visa blog.
The Internal Revenue Service has published its quarterly list of people who chose to renounce their US citizenship or long-term permanent resident (‘green card’) status during 2014’s third quarter. It included the names of 776 individuals—the third highest number of expatriates per quarter since 2007.
October 21, 2014: Nothing to report
Last week was an unusual quiet period in the turbulent field of US immigration law, with no developments of general application, so ‘Weekly Update’ will resume on October 28. Please check back with us then.
October 14, 2014: Supreme Court case on immigrant visa denials and consular nonreviewability; E visa appointments update
The Supreme Court of the United States has accepted for review a case raising the question whether a US citizen’s constitutionally-protected interest in marriage entitles her to bring a lawsuit in federal court to force the Department of State to provide a ‘facially legitimate and bona fide’ reason for its decision to deny her husband an immigrant visa. The Ninth Circuit (an intermediate court of appeals with jurisdiction over much of the American West) previously decided that it would invoke a narrow exception to the rule that consular visa decisions are nonreviewable, and ordered the government to give a reason for the refusal. (Originally the Department had simply cited the 1000-word section of the Immigration and Nationality Act that allegedly justified the decision.) The Department then appealed to the Supreme Court by way of certiorari and the Court, exercising its discretion, accepted the case for review. A decision will be issued before the end of the Court’s current term in June.
The E Visa Team at the US Embassy in London has announced revised holiday opening times (since our update of September 30, 2014 below). The unit will not see registration applicants from December 22, 2014 through January 9, 2015. However, the unit will continue to see applicants of already-registered companies through December 23, 2014 and will resume normal service for these applications on January 5, 2015.
October 7, 2014: Completing Form I-9
The USCIS has produced a video to instruct US workers on how to correctly complete Form I-9 verifying their eligibility to work in the US. Employers are required to obtain a Form I-9 from every new hire.
September 30, 2014: E visa appointments; new website articles
While the US Embassy, London will be closed on December 25 and 26 and January 1, the E Visa Team will not see applicants for a more extended period of time over the holidays. They have announced on Twitter that the last E visa appointment of the year will be December 19.
We have added new articles to our website: our annually recurring article about the Diversity Visa ‘green card lottery,’ Do You Feel Lucky? US Government Now Accepting Applications for the Green Card Lottery, and another with some thoughts on the impermanence of US green cards, Maintaining US Lawful Permanent Resident Status. You can find the full list of our articles here. We hope that you will find them helpful.
September 23, 2014: Green card lottery application dates announced
The State Department has announced that the DV-2016 ‘green card lottery’ will be open for applications from October 1 to November 3, 2014. Applicants should read the instructions provided and heed the Fraud Warnings on the DOS website, ensuring to check their application’s status online through the DV Entrant Status Check. For some additional information about the DV lottery, you may wish to look at our article Do You Feel Lucky? US Government Now Accepting Applications for the Green Card Lottery.
September 16, 2014: New customs form
The US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has issued a new customs declaration form which travellers will be required to present to CBP when they arrive in the US from abroad. While completing the hard-copy form on the airplane or upon arrival is still an option, travellers may now choose to complete the form online before they travel and then present the printed version to CBP when entering the US. The CBP has also expanded the definition of family members, as shown on the form, and clarified the definition of domestic relationships to ensure people travelling together know whether they should file a joint customs declaration for items acquired abroad.
September 9, 2014: Visa options for fiancé(e)s and spouses of US citizens
The Embassy’s Visa Services blog has posted a story about an engaged couple, one a UK citizen and one a US citizen, going through the process of deciding where to get married and which visa to seek. In this context, you may wish to take a look at our website articles for more information: Before You Say ‘I Do’: Options for British-American Couples, I Married an Alien, Get Us Out of Here: Immigrant Visas for Spouses of US Citizens Living in the United Kingdom, Unknown Unknowns: ‘Do I Really Need a Lawyer to Get My Spouse a Green Card?’ and Same-Sex Marriage and Spousal Visas as well as the newest addition, The K-3 Visa: Not Really an Option.
September 2, 2014: New consular fees
As published in the Federal Register, the Department of State has set new consular fees that will come into effect on September 12, 2014 (see DOS press release regarding effective date). While some fees will be reduced, such as the E-2 visa application fee and employment-based immigrant visa fee, others will substantially increase, notably the 422% rise in the renunciation fee from $450 to $2,350. The Embassy’s visa blog offers more information about determining whether you will need to pay the fee increase based on when you pay the application fee and when you go to the appointment.
August 26, 2014: Statistics on nonimmigrant admissions; give CBP feedback on ESTA
The Department of Homeland Security’s Office of Immigration Statistics has released its Annual Flow Report regarding nonimmigrant admissions to the United States in Fiscal Year 2013. The report estimates that there were 173 million nonimmigrant admissions in FY2013. The largest category of admission was temporary visitors for pleasure, including travellers entering on B-2 visas and the Visa Waiver Program, which represented 79% of I-94 admissions. Mexican citizens made up 29.5% of I-94 nonimmigrant admissions, the most of any other country of citizenship, while travellers from the United Kingdom made up the second largest portion at 7.5%.
Representatives from the US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) will be in London on Friday, August 29, 2014 and Monday, September 1, 2014. They will host focus groups to collect feedback from UK residents regarding the Electronic System for Travel Authorization (ESTA) website. If you would like to participate, you can find more information on the US Embassy, London’s webpage or CBP’s website.
August 19, 2014: Visa issuance backlog
The US Embassy, London has announced that they are continuing to clear the backlog of visas waiting for issuance caused by the Department of State’s database’s technical difficulties. Our experience with the Embassy confirms the return to normal processing times.
August 12, 2014: Quarterly report of renunciations; visa reissuance program returns
The Internal Revenue Service has published in the Federal Register the names of those persons who renounced either their US citizenship or their long-term lawful permanent resident status during the second quarter of 2014. The list runs to 576; last quarter it was 1001.
Certain holders of J, O and P visas are now eligible for reissuance of their visas without the need for another Embassy interview. For a link to the Embassy’s ‘Visa Reissuance Wizard,’ click here.
August 5, 2014: Visa issuance difficulties subside; new information for people of extraordinary ability
The Department of State is making headway in its attempts to clear the backlog of visa applications that arose due to an IT difficulty. The London Embassy has announced that normal processing has been resumed in most of its cases.
Today we have updated our article How to Prove You’re an Alien of Extraordinary Ability with summaries of the most recent available Administrative Appeals Office decisions, up through June 2014. We invite you to review them for the light they may shed on evolving standards in this area.
July 29, 2014: Visa issuance delays; Embassy webchat
On July 23, The Washington Post reported that problems with the Department of State’s database used to approve, record and print visas are causing major delays and backlogs in consular posts. The US Embassy in London acknowledges the technical problems, announcing that the visa status check online will not be updated until the issues have been resolved. The Department of State assures the public they are working to resolve the issues as soon as possible.
The Embassy will hold another webchat tomorrow, Wednesday, July 30, on the subject of nonimmigrant and immigrant visas.
July 22, 2014: Nothing to report
Last week was an unusual quiet period in the turbulent field of US immigration law, with no developments of general application. Please check back with us next week, when history suggests that there will once again be news to report.
July 15, 2014: US visa validity
The Foreign Affairs Manual was amended on July 9 to show that the validity of visas should be limited to the validity of the applicant’s medical examination reports. This is consistent with the immigrant visa issuance policies that have been in place at the US Embassy in London for the past year. More information about the medical procedure for immigrant visa applications in London can be found in the Embassy’s instructional leaflet.
July 8, 2014: H-1B visa applications; enhanced security for flights to US
Beneficiaries of approved H-1B petitions with an October 1, 2014 start-date may now begin filing their visa applications at US consular posts. However, successful applicants should remember that they cannot use the visa to enter the United States until ten days prior to the beginning of the approved status period, as per the visa’s annotation.
The Transportation Security Administration announced on July 6 that certain overseas airports with direct flights to the United States will be required to implement enhanced security measures. Officers may now ask travelers to power up their electronic devices for inspection, and powerless devices will not be permitted onboard. Remember to pack your chargers!
July 1, 2014: Visa issuance policy; cautions update
The Congressional Research Service has produced a new paper on US visa issuance policy. The 22-page report discusses not only the process of pre-issuance security checks and the bases for visa denial, but also the respective roles of the Departments of State and of Homeland Security. It is well worth a read.
Further to our previous Weekly Update postings regarding the London Embassy’s treatment of police cautions: Although the Embassy has not released any statement as to the new policy it has been developing over the past year, some contours of that policy are slowly becoming clearer. It now appears that the more recent the caution, the more likely it is to be treated as an admission of the underlying offense—and an admission has the same effect for US visa purposes as a conviction. However, older cautions, from 2007 and before, may in the context of a visa application still benefit from the more lenient treatment as the equivalent of an arrest.
June 24, 2014: LPR statistics for FY2013; Embassy webchat; possible reasons for expatriations
The Department of Homeland Security has published a statistical overview of the 990,553 people who became US Lawful Permanent Residents (LPRs) in fiscal year 2013. Sixty-six percent of the new LPRs were sponsored by family members; typically, 40% of new LPRs are immediate relatives of US citizens. In FY2013 there were 12,984 new UK-born LPRs, 1.3% of the total.
The US Embassy in London will host a webchat tomorrow, June 25, from midday to 1:00pm on the subject of immigrant and nonimmigrant visas.
An article in the Wall Street Journal of June 16, 2014 highlights the growing number of people who give up their US citizenship or lawful permanent residence. It suggests that their decision to expatriate is often due to the increasingly rigorous reporting requirements (of both income and savings) imposed on US citizens and LPRs who live abroad.
June 17, 2014: Tips for new immigrants
The US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has issued a help sheet for new immigrants as to how to find their A number and DOS case number (‘LND number’ if processing took place in London). These tips are particularly useful when paying the $165 immigrant visa fee online with the USCIS’ Electronic Immigration System (ELIS).
June 10, 2014: Naturalisation statistics for 2013; US immigrant visa processing; Automated Passport Control
The Department of Homeland Security has published a statistical summary regarding the people who naturalised to become US citizens in 2013. Mexico was the leading country of birth of persons naturalising in 2013 (13%), followed by India (6.4%), the Philippines (5.6%), the Dominican Republic (5.1%) and the People’s Republic of China (4.5%), while the United Kingdom did not appear on the list of the top 20.
A helpful diagram has been prepared by the Department of State to help people understand the general steps of the immigrant visa process, whether the immigrant visa petition is based on US employment or a US citizen relative. However, immigrant visa petitions being filed with the USCIS at the Embassy in London should continue to follow the separate instructions provided on the Embassy’s website.
US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has begun to allow US citizens, lawful permanent residents, Canadian citizens and eligible Visa Waiver Program travellers to enter the US through an automated process at some airports. Automated Passport Control (APC) will expedite the entry process by allowing travellers to use self-service kiosks to submit their customs declaration form and biographic information. CBP’s website contains further information about APC, including a list of participating ports of entry.
June 3, 2014: Nothing to report
As we have no news from the US immigration world to report, ‘Weekly Update’ will resume on June 10. Please check back with us then.
May 27, 2014: Embassy webchat
The US Embassy in London will host a webchat tomorrow, May 28, from midday to 1:00pm on the subject of immigrant and nonimmigrant visas.
May 20, 2014: J-1 visa information
The Embassy has released a video for people thinking of applying for a J-1 visa to take part in one of the many Exchange Visitor Programs in the US. It gives helpful information about the J-1 visa procedure specifically, but also shows what it is like inside the Embassy for all nonimmigrant visa applicants.
May 13, 2014: Work for some H-4 spouses; new form for Diversity Visa applicants
The Department of Homeland Security has published a proposed rule to allow some H-4 spouses to obtain employment authorization (‘work permits’) in the United States. The scope is quite limited as the rule would apply only to spouses of H-1B holders who are in the end stages of becoming lawful permanent residents. The change has been proposed with the stated hope that it ‘would lessen any potential economic burden to the H-1B principal and H-4 dependent spouse during the transition from nonimmigrant to lawful permanent resident status, furthering the goals of attracting and retaining high-skilled foreign workers.’
Applicants who have been selected in the FY2015 Diversity Visa ‘green card lottery’ will be required to complete and submit online Form DS-260. This will replace the requirement of filing hard-copy Forms DS-230 and DSP-122 with the Kentucky Consular Center as all the information from those forms has been integrated into the new version of the DS-260, available for access from May 19, 2014. Please see the Department of State’s instructions on the immigrant visa application process.
May 6, 2014: 2014’s first quarter expatriates; I-94 arrival/departure history; new website article
The Internal Revenue Service has published its quarterly list of people who have chosen to renounce their US citizenship or long-term permanent resident (‘green card’) status. Those individuals numbered 1,001 for the quarter ended March 31, 2014: the second highest number of expatriates per quarter since 2007, behind only 2013’s second quarter which had a total of 1,130.
On May 1, the US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) updated its webpage for retrieving I-94 arrival/departure records. Now visitors to the US can access a history of their arrival/departure dates and points of entry/exit (if known) going back five years from the request date. As well as being a helpful resource to visa applicants completing the details of their five most recent US trips on their DS-160 visa application forms, travellers may no longer need to file a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request to receive their arrival/departure history.
April 29, 2014: Statistical view of US immigration
The Department of Homeland Security’s Office of Immigration Statistics has released its 2012 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics. The 124-page Yearbook provides a wealth of data on foreign nationals who during the US Government’s Fiscal Year 2012 were granted lawful permanent residence, were admitted into the United States on a temporary basis, applied for asylum or refugee status, or were naturalized. Among the interesting facts: During FY2012 (October 1, 2011 to September 30, 2012) a total of 12,014 persons born in the UK became lawful permanent residents, representing just 1.2% of the worldwide total of 1,031,631. Of the 12,014 British-born new lawful permanent residents 6,148 were the immediate relatives (spouse, parents or minor children) of US citizens, while employment-based petitions accounted for another 5,175 new British-born permanent residents. The top five countries of birth for permanent residents in FY2012 were Mexico (146,406); China (81,784); India (66,434); Philippines (57,327); and the Dominican Republic (41,566).
April 22, 2014: Pause in the service
Your correspondent is travelling. Please check back on Tuesday, April 29, for the next Weekly Update.
April 15, 2014: FY2015 H-1B cap filled and lottery performed
On April 7, 2014, the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) announced that since filing began on April 1 it had received a sufficient number of H-1B petitions to reach the statutory cap for fiscal year 2015. In fact, USCIS received about 172,500 H-1B petitions, including those filed for the advanced degree exemption. As a result, the Service performed a lottery on April 10, 2014 to randomly select petitions for adjudication. It will no longer accept H-1B petitions subject to the FY2015 cap or those filed on behalf of persons exempt from the cap under the advanced degree exemption, but it will continue to accept and process petitions that are otherwise exempt from the cap. The cap-subject petitions that were not randomly selected will be rejected and returned to the petitioner.
In commemoration of today’s US tax return filing deadline we offer a YouTube clip of the 1942 song ‘”I Paid My Income Tax Today.” Written by Irving Berlin (who donated the copyright to the US Department of Treasury) and sung by cowboy singer Gene Autry, it celebrates a citizen’s delight in helping to fund his government.
April 8, 2014: New website article; USCIS e-requests; press coverage on US immigration problems
We have added a new article, Four Basic Facts About US Visas, to our website. It deals with some general issues about US visas, such as where you can apply for a visa, how many times you can travel to the US on a visa, and the meaning of visa expiry dates. We invite you to revisit our Articles page shortly for the second instalment in this two-part series designed to explain some practical fundamentals of this surprisingly complex area of the law.
The United States Citizenship and Immigration Services has expanded its e-request system to accept queries about USCIS-issued cards, documents or notices you believe to have gone missing in the post. Please check the e-request website for more information on what queries may now be submitted to the USCIS online.
Last week, our attorney Susan McFadden was quoted by The Times, Guardian, Independent, Telegraph and other UK media outlets regarding Nigella Lawson’s apparent US immigration difficulties.
April 1, 2014: H-1B filing season; Chile joins VWP; Embassy’s advice on requiring a visa to travel
From today through April 7, the USCIS will be accepting H-1B petitions subject to the fiscal year 2015 cap. If, as expected, more petitions are filed during the first week than can be accommodated under the annual quota of approximately 65,000, a lottery will be conducted among the petitions received to determine which petitions will be adjudicated. (The first 20,000 petitions filed on behalf of individuals with a US master’s degree or higher are exempt from the cap.) Last year, the USCIS received approximately 124,000 cap-subject petitions during the first week of filing.
Chile officially became a member of the Visa Waiver Program yesterday, March 31, 2014, according to the Department of Homeland Security’s announcement published in the Federal Register. Holders of Chilean passports and an ESTA authorization can now travel to the US for business and pleasure purposes without a visa. This announcement supersedes the DHS’s February statement that Chile would join the VWP in May.
The Embassy has posted via Twitter a new infographic to assist people in determining whether they need a visa to travel to the United States. According to the chart, an arrest, caution or conviction for any offense renders a person ineligible for travel on the Visa Waiver Program. Our website article Travelling to the US Without a Visa briefly discusses this debatable point.
March 25, 2014: J-1 visa problems; Embassy webchat
The Southern Poverty Law Center, a non-profit civil rights organization, has published a report about the exploitation of J-1 visa holders and the need to reform the cultural exchange program. It discusses shortfalls of the J-1 program, including the lack of enforceable regulations for participants’ pay or working hours, employers’ use of the program as a source of cheap labor, and even vulnerabilities potentially facilitating human trafficking. J-1 visa holders should review the pamphlet prepared by the US Department of State governing the rights and protections of workers in the US. The pamphlet also includes details of organizations which can be contacted in cases of exploitation.
The US Embassy in London is hosting a webchat tomorrow, March 26, from midday to 1:00pm on the subject of non-immigrant visas. It appears that questions about immigrant visas will also be welcome.
March 18, 2014: Online FOIA request
The Department of Homeland Security has released a new online form for submission of requests for documents under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) or Privacy Act. The new system will provide requesters with an estimated date of completion of the DHS response. For additional information regarding records available under FOIA, see the DHS web pages on that topic.
March 11, 2014: Report on nonimmigrant overstays; firm news
The Congressional Research Service has published a report about people who enter the United States on nonimmigrant visas and overstay their authorized period of admission. While the report estimates that each year hundreds of thousands of foreign nationals overstay their nonimmigrant visas or enter the country illegally (with fraudulent documents or bypassing immigration inspections), it also points out that accurate statistics are unavailable due to lack of effective or consistent record keeping.
We are happy to announce that the experienced US immigration lawyer Katherine Chow has joined Gudeon & McFadden after years of practice in New York City. Kathleen Kavanagh remains with the firm in an advisory ‘Of Counsel’ capacity.
March 4, 2014: Chile to join Visa Waiver Program; updated poverty guidelines; Edward Gudeon Memorial RDC Service Award
On May 1, 2014 Chile will become the 38th member of the Visa Waiver Program. As of that date eligible holders of Chilean passports and an ESTA authorization will be able to travel to the US without a visa. To read the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) announcement, click here.
The Department of State has updated the Foreign Affairs Manual to show the new poverty guidelines applicable to all I-864 Affidavits of Support filed on or after March 1, 2014. For additional information about the affidavit of support process please see our website articles A Beginner’s Guide to the Affidavit of Support and I-864 Affidavits of Support: The Problem of ‘Domicile’.
The Rome District Chapter of the American Immigration Lawyers Association has just named its annual service award in memory of our late co-founder, Edward Gudeon. The Chapter states that this is “in recognition of the late Edward Gudeon’s many years of AILA membership and immigration practice in London, his commitment to the development and sharing of consular processing expertise and his tireless efforts over his many decades in practice to improve working relationships between attorneys and consular officers.” It is a fitting tribute to an excellent lawyer and human being.
February 25, 2014: New policy on cautions
Although a formal statement has yet to be released, it appears that the US government has completed reviewing its policy on UK cautions and has decided that cautions received for crimes involving moral turpitude or drugs-related offences will be treated as convictions for US immigration purposes. If this decision is finalised, visa applicants with such cautions would require a waiver of ineligibility, even if previous visa applications had been approved without a waiver. Waivers of ineligibility are currently taking 18 to 20 weeks from the day of visa application and consular officer’s recommendation. Please see our articles A Crime Involving Moral Turpitude! What in the World is That? and Washington, We Have a Problem! Ineligibilities and Waivers for additional information. We will report further updates on this matter when available.
February 18, 2014: US citizenship policies regarding ART
The Department of State has released a new informational sheet about children born abroad to US citizens using donor eggs, donor sperm or a surrogate mother. This includes one major change from previous policy: if a US-citizen mother gives birth to a child and is the legal mother in the country where the birth took place, her US citizenship will be transmitted to the child, even if Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) was involved.
February 11, 2014: Mobile phones allowed in Embassy; possible reason for I-130 delays; 2013’s fourth quarter expatriates
Yesterday, the US Embassy, London confirmed via twitter that mobile phones are now allowed in the consular section. However, large electronics such as laptops continue to be prohibited. An updated list of prohibited items can be found here on the Embassy’s website.
The New York Times published an article on February 8, 2014 regarding the slowdown of the USCIS’s processing of I-130 petitions for alien relatives. The article suggests that resources once put into the adjudication of I-130s are now going to Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (‘DACA’), President Obama’s program to give deportation deferrals to young undocumented immigrants. Our recent experience with filing I-130s with the USCIS in the United States (rather than the USCIS field office at the US Embassy in London) shows wait times of almost 10 months, so regardless of the reason for these long delays, US citizens petitioning for their non-US citizen family members should plan accordingly.
The Internal Revenue Service has published its quarterly list of people who have chosen to renounce their US citizenship or long-term permanent resident (‘green card’) status. Those individuals numbered 631 for the quarter ended December 31, 2013.
February 4, 2014: USCIS policy manual update; transcript of Embassy webchat
The USCIS has updated its policy manual to include a new section about US citizenship and naturalization.
The US Embassy, London has released a transcript of the webchat it hosted last week on the subject of immigrant and non-immigrant visas. The consular officers indicated that the US government is still in the process of appraising its policy regarding UK cautions. Applicants with cautions should continue to expect delays in visa processing, regardless of the type of visa or whether the applicant has previously been approved for a visa.
January 28, 2014: Immigrant visa statistics; Embassy webchat
The Annual Report from the Visa Office of the US Department of State makes for interesting reading. For example, during FY2013 the Embassy in London issued a total of 4,172 immigrant visas, less than 0.9% of the worldwide total. Of the worldwide total of persons who became lawful permanent residents in FY2013 through either adjustment of status or entry on an immigrant visa (but not including spouses, minor children, or parents of US citizens) persons chargeable to the UK numbered 6,513—just 1.7%.
The US Embassy in London is hosting a webchat tomorrow, January 29, from midday to 1:00pm on the subject of visas—immigrant and non-immigrant.
January 21, 2014: Nothing to report
As we have no news from the US immigration world to report, ‘Weekly Update’ will resume on January 28. Please check back with us then.
January 14, 2014: Same-sex marriages in Utah recognized by federal government
On January 10, 2014, the US Department of Justice announced that those same-sex couples who married during the brief period in Utah when such marriages were allowed are considered validly married under federal law and therefore eligible for all relevant federal benefits (such as immigration).
January 7, 2014: EB-5 green card programme threatened; US Senator to renounce Canadian citizenship
A memorandum from Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), an investigative arm of US Immigration and Customs Enforcement, outlines concerns that the EB-5 regional center programme may have been used by Iranian would-be terrorists to infiltrate the United States. HSI recommends that the regional center programme be eliminated as ‘there are no safeguards that can be put in place that will ensure the integrity’ of that programme.
US Senator Ted Cruz of Texas has stated that he will be renouncing his Canadian citizenship. Although he was born in Canada he claims never to have realised that he might be a citizen of that country.
December 17, 2013: Festive season Update
Your correspondent is celebrating the festive season. “Weekly Update” will resume on the first Tuesday in January. Please check back with us then.
December 10, 2013: Festive season hours
Our office will be closed from December 25 through January 1, inclusive. Whilst the office is closed we will continue to answer urgent client e-mails, and other requests will be dealt with as soon as reasonably possible. We wish our readers a happy and healthy festive season.
December 3, 2013: Transcript from Embassy webchat
The US Embassy, London has released a transcript of its latest webchat which took place on November 26, 2013. Some points will be contentious, such as the statement that “[a]ny individual convicted of an alcohol or drug related driving offense is not eligible for the Visa Waiver Program (ESTA) - they must apply for the appropriate visa to enter the United States. Failing to do so could result in denial of entry at the border and a permanent ineligibility for misrepresentation.” For further information about these situations, please see our articles Washington, We Have a Problem! Ineligibilities and Waivers, A Crime Involving Moral Turpitude! What in the World is That? and Drink Driving and the US Embassy, London.
The consular officers also indicated that the US government is appraising its policy regarding UK cautions, so applicants with cautions should expect delays in visa processing: “Currently U.S. Government policy is under review regarding criminal cautions in the United Kingdom. Applicants having a caution may experience lengthy delays during the application process. Apply as soon as possible and don't make final travel plans unless you have received a visa. These delays will affect applicants who may have already received a visa in the past after disclosing the caution.”
November 26, 2013: Embassy webchat; I-130 processing times
The US Embassy in London is hosting a webchat today from midday to 1:00pm about nonimmigrant and immigrant visas.
On November 20, 2013, the USCIS updated the processing times on its website. There has been a tremendous slow-down in the processing of I-130 immigrant petitions for US citizens’ foreign relatives, and the processing time for spousal petitions is in excess of six months. In contrast, some US citizens eligible to file their I-130’s with a USCIS field office abroad, such as the office at the US Embassy in London, are enjoying processing times of under one month. For further information on filing in London specifically, please see our article I Married an Alien, Get Us Out of Here: Immigrant Visas for Spouses of US Citizens Living in the United Kingdom.
November 20, 2013: Third quarter expatriates
The Internal Revenue Service has published its quarterly list of people who have chosen to renounce their US citizenship or long-term permanent resident (‘green card’) status. Those individuals numbered 560 for the quarter ended September 30, 2013, less than half the number who expatriated during the previous quarter.
November 12, 2013: Honoring US veterans
The US Embassy, London joined President Obama in remembering and paying tribute to America’s servicemen and -women on Veterans Day. According to the Census Bureau, there are 23.2 million veterans in the United States today.
November 5, 2013: DV-2015 now closed; updated article
The application period for the FY2015 Diversity Visa ‘green card lottery’ is now closed. From May 1, 2014, applicants will be able to check the status of their entries by returning to www.dvlottery.state.gov.
We have revised our article Unknown Unknowns: ‘Do I Really Need a Lawyer to Get My Spouse a Green Card?’ We hope that you will find it helpful.
October 29, 2013: Online form replaces DS-2001 for immigrant visa applicants
The Immigrant Visa Unit has updated their online instructions for applying for an immigrant visa at the US Embassy in London. Formerly, applicants were required to file the paper Form DS-2001 to notify the Unit that they had collected all the necessary documents and were ready for their appointments to be scheduled. Now, in order for the Immigrant Visa Unit to schedule an appointment, applicants must complete the online Notification of Applicant Readiness Form to show that they have submitted the immigrant visa application Form DS-260, scheduled the medical examination and are in possession of all the documents required on the day of the interview.
October 22, 2013: Federal government back in business; Embassy webchat scheduled
After agreement was reached on a continuing budget resolution to fund the US Government until January 15, 2014 all federal offices are now back to normal functioning. The USCIS has announced that the Government shutdown will be treated as an ‘extraordinary circumstance’ for purposes of forgiving untimely filing of H-1B, H-2A and H-2B petitions.
The Embassy will be holding another webchat this Thursday, October 24 from noon to 1pm on the subject of immigrant and nonimmigrant visas.
October 15, 2013: No news during US government shutdown
As the US government shutdown continues, the US Embassy in London continues to conduct scheduled interviews and issue visas.
October 8, 2013: Embassy services during US government shutdown; updated courier information
Although the US government shutdown continues, services and operations at the US Embassy in London are still running as usual. The Embassy has issued a statement on the effects of the shutdown.
The visa appointment scheduling website has updated their list of courier ‘hubs’ located throughout the UK which are used for sending documents to and collecting documents from the Embassy in London and the Consulate General in Belfast. Helpfully, telephone numbers and opening hours are now indicated for each hub.
October 1, 2013: Embassy open during US government shutdown; new articles
The US government has shut down today as it was unable to finalize the budget, but the US Embassy in London has announced that any government shutdown will not affect Embassy operations or services.
We have added new articles: Same-Sex Marriage and Spousal Visas and our recurring article about the Diversity Visa ‘green card lottery,’ Do You Feel Lucky? US Government Now Accepting Applications for the Green Card Lottery. We hope that you will find them helpful.
September 24, 2013: Green card lottery application dates announced; Embassy webchat
The State Department has announced that the DV-2015 ‘green card lottery’ will be open for applications from October 1 to November 4, 2013. The web page bears an announcement that same-sex couples and their children are now eligible to take part. Click here to go to the Department of State’s Diversity Visa Program Instructions page for further information and application instructions. Applicants should heed the Fraud Warnings on the DOS website and be aware that the DOS no longer contacts ‘selectees’ by post (and has never used email for these purposes).
This Thursday, September 26, the Embassy will host another webchat regarding immigrant and non-immigrant visas. It is scheduled to take place from noon to 1:00pm.
September 17, 2013: A pause in the service
Your correspondent is travelling. ‘Weekly Update’ will resume on September 24th; please check back with us then.
September 10, 2013: Spread of the DS-260
From September 1, 2013, immigrant visa applicants filing with the US Embassy, London (and other posts around the world) must complete the new online DS-260 application form, replacing the paper forms DS-230 Parts 1 and 2.
September 3, 2013: New electronic forms for immigrant visa processing
Beginning today, the Department of State is transitioning to an online immigrant visa application. Immigrant visa applicants who are applying through the National Visa Center in the US will now need to apply online at ceac.state.gov using Form DS-260 (Application for Immigrant Visa and Alien Registration) and Form DS-261 (Choice of Address and Agent). These forms replace the paper Forms DS-230 and DS-3032. Additional information about use of the Form DS-260 can be found on the Department of State’s website.
August 27, 2013: Nothing to report
As we have no news from the US immigration world to report, ‘Weekly Update’ will resume on September 3. Please check back with us then.
August 20, 2013: Opening times for Embassy’s courier hubs; visa reissuance program suspended
Under the Embassy’s new appointment scheduling and courier system, introduced July 26, 2013, visa applicants may send documents to and collect them from the consular section via 27 hubs around the UK. We have been informed by DX Secure that these hubs are open Monday through Friday, 8am to 6pm, with the exception of the Belfast hub which is additionally open on Saturdays.
The visa reissuance program, which allowed some visa applicants to obtain new visas without an Embassy interview, has been suspended. All applicants must now schedule an appointment and attend a consular interview in person. There has been no indication when the visa reissuance program will resume.
August 13, 2013: Global Entry into the US expanded to Brits; both sides of the US citizenship coin
The US Customs and Border Protection reports that its Global Entry programme, an automated entry system which allows travellers to skip immigration queues at designated ports of entry in the US and check themselves in at a kiosk, is being expanded to include additional nationalities—including UK citizens. CBP began accepting these applications on August 9, 2013. It is currently limited to certain high-frequency travellers, but CBP says that ‘in the near future’ it intends to make it available to all Brits meeting Global Entry requirements.
The Internal Revenue Service has published its quarterly list of people who have chosen to renounce their US citizenship or long-term permanent resident (‘green card’) status. Those individuals numbered 1,130 for the quarter ended June 30, 2013. According to a recent article in the Financial Times those US citizens living in the UK who have not renounced their citizenship are being served by a rapidly-multiplying number of wealth managers specialising in expatriate US citizens in the post-FATCA world.
August 6, 2013: More guidance about visa issuance to same-sex partners
On August 2 Secretary of State John Kerry announced, to a gathering at the US Embassy in London, that when same-sex spouses apply for visas, the Department of State will consider those applications in the same manner that it will consider the applications of opposite-sex spouses. He also made it clear that UK civil unions do not constitute ‘marriage’ for US visa and immigration purposes.
The Department has released to the public a cable sent to all US visa-issuing posts, giving additional guidance on the subject.
July 30, 2013: New visa appointment booking system for London; guidance from the USCIS re same sex marriages
The new procedure for booking appointments at the US Embassy, London went live on Friday, July 26. To book appointments and pay application fees applicants may either call the Embassy’s Call Center or use the Embassy’s new online service at http://usvisa-info.com. Additional information is available in the Embassy’s Visa Services blog. Please note one error: The blog states that the fee for delivery of a passport to a particular address (rather than to one of the courier’s 31 UK ‘hubs’) is £30. The fee is actually US$30.
A new FAQ from the US Citizenship and Immigration Services on the subject of same-sex marriages makes it clear that they will be recognized as marriages for a full panoply of immigration benefits, including K-1 fiancé(e) petitions and waivers of inadmissibility. Same-sex spouses need not wait for new USCIS regulations before applying for these benefits.
July 23, 2013: Welcome to the Prince of Cambridge
We join the President and Mrs. Obama and the Chargé d’Affaires ad interim from the US Embassy London in celebrating the birth of the newest addition to the Royal Family.
July 16, 2013: New online appointment-scheduling system at the US Embassy, London
As of July 26, 2013, in order to schedule nonimmigrant visa appointments and pay MRV application fees, applicants may either call the Embassy’s Call Center or use the Embassy’s new online service at http://usvisa-info.com. Applicants requiring appointments for August and beyond must wait until the new appointment-booking service goes live on July 26. Additional information is available from the Embassy’s Information Service web page.
July 9, 2013: Visa appointments at the US Embassy, London; webchat
The US Embassy in London is currently scheduling visa appointments through July 26 only. There is no indication when later appointments will be released.
The Embassy will host another webchat to discuss nonimmigrant and immigrant visas on Thursday, July 11 from 12 noon to 1pm.
July 3, 2013: Same-sex spouses as immigrant visa sponsors
Yesterday, the Secretary of Homeland Security released a statement in response to the Supreme Court’s United States v. Windsor decision invalidating part of the Defense of Marriage Act. She said, “[E]ffective immediately, I have directed U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) to review immigration visa petitions filed on behalf of a same-sex spouse in the same manner as those filed on behalf of an opposite-sex spouse.” The statement also mentioned that as a general rule USCIS looks to the law of the place where the marriage was performed when determining whether it is valid for immigration law purposes.
June 25, 2013: The passing of Edward Gudeon
We sadly announce the unexpected and sudden death on 23 June of our friend and former partner, Edward Gudeon. He was 73.
A graduate of Bucknell University and Fordham Law School, Edward practiced as a criminal defense attorney in New York for over a decade before moving to London. In 1978 he set up London’s first law firm concentrating solely on US immigration and nationality law. He was actively engaged in that practice until his retirement in 2009, and enjoyed the highest level of esteem and respect from all who dealt with him. He took a great deal of pleasure in his too-brief retirement which afforded him the opportunity to spend more time with his family in both the US and UK and to continue his life-long hobby of photography.
Edward is survived by his wife Geri, two daughters, two stepchildren, five grandchildren and one step-grandchild.
June 18, 2013: Tips for filing an E-1/E-2 registration; passport control mistake
The E Visa Team at the US Embassy, London has identified five major avoidable mistakes and unhelpful practices which cause delays to their review of your company’s E-1/E-2 registration.
Most countries have quite stringent security and passport checks at airports these days, but sometimes things don’t go exactly to plan. This article shows how a nine-year-old schoolgirl was allowed to enter Turkey using a passport that identified her as a pink unicorn.
June 11, 2013: New use for USCIS online system; will foreigners no longer be ‘aliens’?
The USCIS has announced that immigrant visa holders must now use its ‘Electronic Immigration System’ (ELIS) portal to pay the mandatory $165 fee for issuance of their green cards. The system is also used by some nonimmigrant visa holders to e-file applications to extend or change their status.
Many of our clients find it amusing that the US Government refers to them as ‘aliens.’ However, the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals—the appellate court with jurisdiction over federal trial courts in Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio and Tennessee—has opined that the term is ‘offensive and demeaning.’ It urges Congress to eliminate it from the statute books. Flores v USCIS, (6th Cir. June 4, 2013).
June 4, 2013: Preparing for summer travel to the US
The Transportation Security Administration, a division of the Department of Homeland Security, has produced a Summer Travel Checklist of advice for travellers during the summer holidays. Travellers from the UK may wish to also consult a recent article in the Independent newspaper: ‘Heading for America? Prepare for the longest US immigration queues ever.’
May 28, 2013: A pause in the service
Your correspondent is travelling. ‘Weekly Update’ will resume on June 3rd; please check back with us then.
May 21, 2013: Wait times for Embassy appointments; USCIS Field Office information
If you need a visa to travel to the US, keep in mind the wait for a visa appointment before you book your summer holiday! Yesterday the US Embassy, London tweeted that it has a 24-day wait for B-1/B-2 visitor visa appointments and an 18-day wait for F or J visa appointments.
USCIS Field Offices have new web pages which include helpful information such as how to schedule appointments and how often they hold naturalisation ceremonies.
May 14, 2013: List of renunciants published; immigration statistics
On May 8, 2013, the Internal Revenue Service published its latest quarterly list of people who have recently given up their US citizenship or long-term permanent residence.
The Congressional Budget Office has released statistics and graphs on immigration-related topics, analysing trends in immigration and policy proposals.
May 7, 2013: Facebook chats with a Visa Officer; more visa statistics; immigration issues for same-sex spouses of US citizens
The Department of State’s Visa Office has announced that it will host a live Facebook chat on a hot topic on the first Friday of every month. Questions of a general nature, not pertaining to an individual case, may be submitted in advance.
The Visa Office has also released its 2012 Report, which includes many statistics on the nonimmigrant and immigrant visas issued by the Department during Fiscal Year 2012.
A recent Financial Times article addresses the continuing visa plight of same-sex spouses of US citizens, including the implications for big business. One senator is proposing an amendment to the pending immigration bill to provide visas for Americans’ foreign same-sex spouses.
April 30, 2013: Instructions for retrieving automated I-94 details; new procedures for applying for a Social Security card
US Customs and Border Protection has released a video to show travellers to the US how to retrieve their I-94 details online. The automation of the form will begin at select ports of entry today.
The computerization of Form I-94 is also stimulating an update to the Social Security Administration procedures manual. Eligible entrants to the US will be able to apply immediately for a Social Security card, rather than having to wait 10 days after entry, as has previously been the case.
April 23, 2013: Phasing out the I-94; Embassy webchat
The Customs and Border Protection has released more information about the automation of the I-94 Arrival/Departure cards, including a schedule of when the paper form will be phased out at different ports of entry, beginning April 30. Under the new process for entry, the CBP officer will stamp the travel document with an admission stamp showing the date of admission, class of admission, and the date until which the traveller is admitted. Travellers will also receive on arrival a flier alerting them that they can find their admission record information at www.CBP.gov/I94. That website will not go live until the end of April.
The US Embassy, London will host another webchat to discuss nonimmigrant and immigrant visas on Thursday, April 25 from 12pm to 1pm.
April 16, 2013: H-1B petitions; statistics on new US citizens and lawful permanent residents
The USCIS has not yet announced which H-1B petitions, out of the approximately 124,000 received between April 1 and 5, have ‘won the lottery’ and will be adjudicated.
The Department of Homeland Security has released new statistical reports regarding the people who became US citizens and lawful permanent residents during fiscal year 2012.
April 9, 2013: H-1B cap already reached for FY2014
On April 5, 2013, the USCIS announced that they had received a sufficient number of H-1B petitions to reach the statutory cap for fiscal year 2014, only four days after the beginning of the filing period. Because the USCIS received between April 1 and April 5 what they believe to be enough petitions to fill both the regular and US advanced degree quotas, the Service performed a lottery on April 7, 2013 to randomly select petitions for adjudication. They will no longer accept H-1B petitions subject to the FY2014 cap or those filed on behalf of persons exempt from the cap under the advanced degree exemption, but they will continue to accept and process petitions that are otherwise exempt from the cap. This is the first year since FY2009 that the cap has been reached in the first week of filing.
April 2, 2013: I-94 automated from April 26; immigration policy trends reported
Further to last week’s update, the CBP has published their interim final rule on transitioning the I-94 from paper to electronic format, effective April 26.
The Congressional Research Service has released a lengthy report, called a “chart book,” about current trends in US immigration policy, including increased border security and immigration enforcement, improved employment eligibility verification, revision of legal immigration and options to address the millions of unauthorized aliens residing in the country.
March 26, 2013: CBP to discontinue the I-94; Embassy webchat scheduled
On March 21, US Customs and Border Protection announced that it has submitted to the Federal Register a rule that will automate Form I-94 Arrival/Departure Record. Currently, international visitors entering the US on a nonimmigrant visa must complete an I-94 and retain it in their passport as evidence of their lawful admittance to the US. The new rule will automate the I-94 information so that visitors will no longer need to complete and keep track of the hard-copy form. The CBP expects this to streamline procedures and reduce costs by up to $15.5 million per year.
The US Embassy, London will hold another webchat on the topic of immigrant and nonimmigrant visas this Thursday, March 28, between noon and 1 pm.
March 19, 2013: H-1B lottery likely
The USCIS has announced that it believes it will receive during the first week of filing (April 1 to 5) more than enough H-1B petitions to satisfy the entire FY2014 quota. If this is in fact the case, the agency will conduct a lottery among those petitions received during that week, to determine which petitions will be adjudicated. This lottery procedure was last used in April 2008. In order to deal with the avalanche of expected filings, those petitions that are accepted for adjudication and which request Premium Processing Service will for purposes of the 15-day guarantee be deemed to have been filed on April 15.
March 12, 2013: Embassy Twitter chat scheduled; Telegraph article about renouncing US citizenship
The Embassy will be hosting a Twitter chat about visas this Wednesday, March 14, from noon to 1pm. Tweet your question, using the hashtag #USVisas, and get an answer from a consular officer.
Our attorney Susan McFadden was quoted in a Daily Telegraph article discussing the increase in the number of Americans renouncing their US citizenship and the reasons for that increase.
March 5, 2013: Research on US citizens living abroad; no green cards for same-sex partners
A bill was introduced on February 8, 2013 in the US Congress that would require the establishment of a ‘Commission on Americans Living Abroad,’ to study how federal laws affect US citizens living outside the US. Among the topics that would be studied would be the impact of ‘FATCA’ (the ‘Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act’) on the ability of US citizens to get bank accounts abroad.
And on the subject of US citizens living abroad: A recent article in the New York Times featured a gay American who was forced to move to London in order to be with his British same-sex partner. US immigration treatment of same-sex partners was contrasted unfavourably with the straightforward approach under British law.
February 26, 2013: List of renunciants published; Embassy webchat scheduled
On February 14, 2013, the Internal Revenue Service published its latest quarterly list of people who have recently renounced US citizenship.
The US Embassy, London will hold a webchat on the topic of immigrant and nonimmigrant visas this Thursday, February 28, between noon and 1 pm.
February 19, 2013: Affidavits of support; a delay is a ‘denial’
The Department of State has updated the Foreign Affairs Manual to show the new poverty guidelines applicable to all I-864 Affidavits of Support filed on or after March 1, 2013. For additional information about the affidavit of support process please see our website articles A Beginner’s Guide to the Affidavit of Support and I-864 Affidavits of Support: The Problem of ‘Domicile’ .
Further new guidance from the Department makes it clear, once again, that when a consular officer asks an applicant for additional information under Immigration and Nationality Act section 221(g) before adjudicating the visa application, the applicant must report this as a visa denial for ESTA purposes.
February 12, 2013: US Embassy to hold ‘Twitter chat’ regarding visas
The US Embassy in London will be holding a Twitter chat tomorrow, February 13, between noon and 1 pm. The consular officer will take questions on the subject of visas; the hash tag is #USVisas.
February 5, 2013: New poverty guidelines for I-864; DOS advises on waits for visa interviews and processing
The Department of Health and Human Services has issued its new poverty guidelines. These will become effective for I-864 ‘Affidavit of Support’ purposes on March 1.
The Department of State has created a new web page for persons applying for non-immigrant (temporary) visas. It allows the applicant to compare the waiting times for visa interviews and for the post-interview return of the passport experienced by applicants at all US visa-issuing posts.
January 29, 2013: US immigration law reform? I-130 processing speeds up; Tina Turner to expatriate
A bipartisan group of eight US Senators has announced a legislative proposal to reform the immigration system. It would provide a route to legal status for millions of undocumented foreigners currently in the US, increase the number of H-1B visas available each year, and grant permanent residence automatically to persons who earn advanced degrees at US universities in science, maths or technology.
Processing times for I-130 immigrant petitions filed with the USCIS in London continue to fall. As of January 24 the USCIS Field Office in London was processing I-130s filed on January 10.
Tina Turner has become the latest high-profile American to plan the relinquishment of her US citizenship. According to an article in a Swiss German-language newspaper she has been accepted by the local council and now awaits only formal approval from the canton and federal governments.
January 22, 2013: Inaugural address raises hopes for immigration reform
In his second inaugural address, given yesterday, President Obama raised hopes that immigration reform may be part of the legislative agenda for the coming two-year Congressional term. ‘Our journey is not complete until we find a better way to welcome the striving, hopeful immigrants who still see America as a land of opportunity; until bright young students and engineers are enlisted in our workforce rather than expelled from our country.’ For the annotated text and a video of the address, plus analysis by the reporters of the New York Times, click here.
January 15, 2013: Visa application status checks; Homeland Security and Twitter
The Department of State now offers a website where applicants can check on the status of pending visa applications, whether immigrant or non-immigrant.
Susan McFadden was interviewed on a Channel 4 documentary broadcast on January 8; ‘Don’t Blame Facebook’ dealt with the dangers of careless postings in cyberspace. Susan spoke about the case of two young Britons refused entry to the US in 2012 because one had Tweeted that he was going to ‘destroy America.’
January 8, 2013: New fee for immigrant visa holders; provisional waivers for some IV applicants with ‘unlawful presence’ bars
Beginning on February 1 the Department of Homeland Security will begin charging immigrant visa holders a processing fee of US$165 for issuing them the Form I-551 ‘green card.’ The fee will be payable online after the applicants receive their immigrant visas but before they use them to enter the United States. DHS will not issue the green cards until the fees are paid.
The DHS will be putting into effect on March 4 a new procedure that will allow some family-based immigrant visa applicants to apply from within the United States for a provisional waiver of the 3- or 10-year bar due to unlawful presence. The new final rule was published in the Federal Register on January 3. Under current practice applicants cannot apply for a waiver of the bar until they have departed the US and had their immigrant visa interview in the foreign country. This often has the result, admits the DHS in its executive summary of the new rule, that applicants are separated from their US-resident families for over a year whilst awaiting a decision on the waiver application.